Common name: “Tobacco” or “American Tobacco”. Alternative Titles: Nicotiana tabacum, common tobacco, cultivated tobacco Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. ... Nicotiana tabacum L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. The leaf extract was a popular pest control method up to the beginning of the 20th century. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class (1 May 1753) Annotation: as "Tabacum" Type-Protologue Distribution: South America Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Vomiting, diarrhea, slow pulse, dizziness, collapse, and respiratory failure may occur if eaten. Habitats: Not known in a truly wild situation. Leaves. Scientific Name: Nicotiana tabacum • Common Name: Tobacco • Toxins: The primary toxin is nicotine, a highly toxic alkaloid, which is present throughout the plant • Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number: 54-11-5 • Molecular Formula: C 10 H 14 N 2 • Chemical Structure: • Close Search Form Open Search Form; Share on Facebook Tweet (Share on Twitter) Share on Linkedin Pin it (Share on Pinterest). Annual or tender perennial with flowers that are fragrant when open at night. & Sessé ex Dunal [Invalid] Tabaku (Sul.) form a strategic partnership called N.C. Protein knowledgebase. T number: T04643: Org code: nta: Aliases: 4097: Full name: Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) Definition: Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) Annotation: yes: Taxonomy: Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Sun-cured tobacco dries uncovered in the sun. SUMMARY 2.1 Main risks and target organs Nicotianas are highly toxic plants due to their nicotine alkaloid content. Nucleotide sequence of a new bipartite geminivirus isolated from the common weed Sida rhombifolia in Costa Rica. Nicotiana crispula hort. Sun-cured tobacco is low in sugar and nicotine and is used in cigarettes. Nicotiana tabacum é uma planta herbácea perene, da família das solanáceas, oriunda da América tropical, de cujas folhas se produz a maior parte do tabaco comercializado. In fire curing, smoke from a low-burning fire on the barn floor permeates the leaves. The hands or bales are aged for one to three years to improve flavor and reduce bitterness. 1753. Air-cured tobacco is low in sugar, which gives the tobacco smoke a light, sweet flavour, and high in nicotine. Herbarium Catalogue (34 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Jun 1, 2006: Etuge, M. [5284], Cameroon: K000339797: Common name i: Common tobacco: Synonym i-Other names i ›American tobacco ›Nicotania tabacum ›Nicotiana tabacum L. ›Nicotiana tabacum var. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). ex Lehm. Needs consistently moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tobacco. General information about Nicotiana tabacum (NIOTA) South America (probably originally Bolivia). It is the fastest method of curing, requiring about a week. Descrição. Solanaceae Week: Nicotiana tabacum from Manali: Nicotiana tabacum L., Sp. General description: Robust herb up to 3m tall, cultivated as a crop but sometimes found as a weedy escape.. Nicotiana tabacum : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Nicotiana tabacum : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) Status. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum' linked to current category] [edit wikidata 'Nicotiana tabacum' main topic of 'Category:Nicotiana tabacum'] English : cultivated tobacco , Common tobacco Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) Genome info Pathway map Brite hierarchy Module Genome map Blast Taxonomy: Search genes: Genome information. It is found in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the genus Nicotiana, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. [3], Almost every part of the plant except the seed contains nicotine, but the concentration is related to different factors such as species, type of land, culture and weather conditions. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Back to the roots of modern analytical toxicology: Jean Servais Stas and the Bocarmé murder case", "Selective Determination of Pyridine Alkaloids in Tobacco by PFTBA Ions/Analyte Molecule Reaction Ionization Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry", "Investigation of Toxic Metals in the Tobacco of Different Iranian Cigarette Brands and Related Health Issues", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nicotiana_tabacum&oldid=994330798, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles needing additional references from November 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 04:14. [1], The plant is native to the Caribbean, where the Arawak/Taino people were the first to use it and cultivate it. This method produces cigarette tobacco that is high in sugar and has medium to high levels of nicotine. [4] The main polyphenols contained in the tobacco leaf are rutin and chlorogenic acid. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. ex Lehm. There are four common methods of curing tobacco: air curing, fire curing, flue curing, and sun curing. Common Name(s): tobacco [English] tobacco : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: ... Nicotiana tabacum L. – cultivated tobacco : Species: Nicotiana tomentosa Ruiz ... Nicotiana : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 Pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff are fire cured. Scientific names: Common names: Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. (4) The species N. tabacum has never been found to grow in the wild. Nicotiana tabacum, or cultivated tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous plant. In 1586 the botanist Jaques Dalechamps gave the plant the name of Herba nicotiana, which was also adopted by Linné. - 2 ft. 0 in. Nicotiana fruiticosa Moc. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Rank: species. UniProtKB. It is in flower from July to September. Amino acids contained include glutamic acids, asparagine, glutamine, and γ-Aminobutyric acid [5], Pyridine alkaloids are present in tobacco as free bases and salts. Xanthi” , “Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. The juice of the leaves can be rubbed on the body as an insect repellent. Terminal (leaf) node. N.C. Nicotiana attenuata Steud. English: Virginian tobacco; Spanish: tabaco; French: tabac; tabac comun; tabac de Virginie; Chinese: yan cao; Portuguese: tabaco comum; Local Common Names. Common name. Uncategorized The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as tobacco plants. [7], Tobacco also contains the following phytochemicals: glucosides (tabacinine, tabacine), 2,3,6-trimethyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, 2-methylquinone, 2-napthylamine, propionic acid, anthalin, anethole, acrolein, cembrene, choline, nicotelline, nicotianine, and pyrene. This method is used in Greece, Turkey, and other Mediterranean countries to produce oriental tobacco. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Type: South America. Nicotiana tabacum L. Preferred Common Name. Virginia tobacco that has been flue cured is also called bright tobacco, because flue curing turns its leaves gold, orange, or yellow. This was the first exact proof of alkaloids in forensic medicine.[2]. Nicotiana chinensis Fischer Nicotiana chinensis Fischer ex Lehmann Nicotiana crispula hort. It is found in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the genus Nicotiana, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. - 5 ft. 0 in. Pyridyl functional groups present in minute amounts include anabasine, myosmine, cotinine and 2, 3′-bipyridyl. Journal: J Gen Virol. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. In 1560, Jean Nicot de Villemain, then French ambassador to Portugal, brought tobacco seeds and leaves as a "wonder drug" to the French court. Air-cured tobacco is sheltered from wind and sun in a well-ventilated barn, where it air dries for six to eight weeks. Tabako (Tag.) They contain a volatile oil called nicotine, this is a virulent poison that produces nausea, vomiting, sweating, palpitations and nausea[232]. Nicotiana tabacum, or cultivated tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous plant. It has mostly been replaced by shorter varieties that open during the day and have no fragrance. Tobacco arrived in Africa at the beginning of the 17th century. It grows to heights between 1 and 2 meters (3' to 6'). x; UniProtKB. Nicotiana tabacum — Common tobacco Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae … Wikipedia. 2. Other common names: –. Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 3rd, C, 256 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Width: 1 ft. 0 in. TSJT1 - Stem-specific protein TSJT1 - Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) - TSJT1 gene & protein UniProtKB - P24805 (TSJT1_TOBAC) HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Nicotiana capensis Vilm. Nicotiana tabacum. [6], The tobacco plant readily absorbs heavy metals from the surrounding soil and accumulates them in its leaves. Scientific name i: Nicotiana tabacum: Taxonomy navigation › Nicotiana. ... Common names are used instead of botanical.]. Common Name: Tobacco, Cultivated tobacco: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 7-10: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are poisonous[4, 19, 65, 76]. [8], The regions that have histories of use of the plant include:[citation needed]. Nicotiana pilosa Dunal. This is the main species that is used to make cigarettes, cigars, and other products for smokers. N. tabacum is a native of tropical and subtropical America but it is now commercially cultivated worldwide. [citation needed], Natural tobacco polysaccharides, including cellulose, have been shown to be the primary precursors of acetaldehyde in tobacco smoke. Nicotine accounts for 90-95% of the plant's pyridines with Nornicotine and anatabine accounting for roughly 2.5% each. Nicotiana mexicana Schltdl. Tobacco leaves contain 2 to 8% nicotine combined as malate or citrate. Traditionally, the leaf has been … Flowers tubular, cream, pink, or green-white, 5-lobed at the top. Help. These are readily absorbed into the user's body following smoke inhalation. They can have a  spindly growth habit. Nicotiana caudata Nutt. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The concentration of nicotine increases with the age of the plant. Nicotiana pilosa Dunal : Nicotiana tabacum Linn. It grows to heights between 1 and 2 meters (3' to 6'). Family: Solanaceae. Flue-cured tobacco is kept in an enclosed barn heated by flues (pipes) of hot air, but the tobacco is not directly exposed to smoke. The dried leaves can also be used; they remain effective for 6 months after drying. NAME 1.1 Scientific name Nicotiana Tabacum L 1.2 Family Solanaceae 1.3 Common name(s) Fumo Petume Petina Pitura etum Tabaco (Brazil) Tabaco (Argentina) Tobacco (USA). Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-2 m tall. current name. Tobacco Tobacco is the common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and to a limited extent Nicotiana rustica and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways for smoking, chewing, snuffing and the extraction of nicotine, the principal alkaloid of tobacco. Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 180. Nicotiana tabacum Name Synonyms Nicotiana alba Mill. Temperatures of 20–30 °C (68–86 °F) are best for adequate growth; an atmospheric humidity of 80 to 85% and soil without a high level of nitrogen are also optimal. Botanical name: Nicotiana tabacum. In 1851, the Belgian chemist Jean Stas documented the use of tobacco extract as a murder poison. N. tabacum is sensitive to temperature, air, ground humidity and the type of land. The dried leaves are also used as snuff or are smoked. Stem. 1753 syn: Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. Common Name: Tobacco. The leaves can be dried and chewed as an intoxicant. Fire curing takes three to ten weeks and produces a tobacco low in sugar and high in nicotine. Comment “Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. The Belgian count Hippolyte Visart de Bocarmé had poisoned his brother-in-law with tobacco leaf extract in order to acquire some urgently needed money. Nicotiana mexicana Schltdl. Once the tobacco is cured, workers tie it into small bundles of about 20 leaves, called hands, or use a machine to make large blocks, called bales. Other varieties are cultivated as ornamental plants or appear as a weed. [citation needed] Tobacco (Engl.) Nicotiana alipes Steud. pl. Nicotiana florida Salisb. ex Lehm. Research is ongoing into its ancestry among wild Nicotiana species, but it is believed to be a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora. POISONOUS PLANTS 1. Sequence archive. Nicotiana … Leaf blades about 8-50 x 3-16 cm, petioles about 0-5 cm … 1:180. The Plants Database includes the following 22 species of Nicotiana . Range: S. America. Does best with some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. Common names for Nicotiana include burley tobacco (N. tabacum), wild tree tobacco (N. glauca), wild tobacco (N. trigonophylla), and coyote tobacco (N. attenuata) (Color Plates 14 and 15). L. Solanaceae + Synonyms. Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. Nicotiana tabacum L. Genbank common name: common tobacco. Nicotiana latissima Mill. tobacco; International Common Names. It was considered a decorative plant at first, then a panacea, before it became a common snuff and tobacco plant. ex Steud. The curing method used depends on the type of tobacco and its intended use. The common tobacco plant , found as escape in Manali , photographed in October 2009 Acidic endochitinase P precursor - Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco) UniProtKB - P17513 (CHIP_TOBAC) Bolivia: acará; coss; pairr Samsun Datura stramonium L.” DBLINKS Cultivated throughout the world for the production of tobacco. After tobacco is harvested, it is cured (dried), and then aged to improve its flavor. The distribution of the nicotine in the mature plant is widely variable: 64% of the total nicotine exists in the leaves, 18% in the stem, 13% in the root, and 5% in the flowers. All parts of the plant contain nicotine, which can be extracted and used as an insecticide. A drying oil is obtained from the seed. Cigar and burley tobaccos are air cured. Research is ongoing into its ancestry among wild Nicotiana species, but it is believed to be a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora. 1997 Jul;78 ( Pt 7):1785-90. 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