[134][142] He receives the directions, and continues his journey on his own, one day arriving home and to happiness. Stephen Phillips (2009), Yoga, Karma, and Rebirth: A Brief History and Philosophy, Columbia University Press. Additionally, supplements were likely attached to various volumes in a different age. Joy is a sense of Unlimitedness and Infinite potential within, therefore one must desire to understand what is Unlimitedness (Bhuman, भूमानं), [143] One must adore and revere Hope as the Brahman. May my limbs, speech, Prana, eye, ear, strength and all my senses grow vigorous. [70] The Chandogya Upanishad then states that the ultimate heaven and highest world exists within oneself, as follows. [9] For example, the initial chapters of the Upanishad is full of an unusual and fanciful etymology section, but Muller notes that this literary stage and similar etymological fancy is found in scriptures associated with Moses and his people in their Exodus across the Red Sea, as well as in Christian literature related to Saint Augustine of 5th century CE. The Atman is the immortal one, the fearless one, the Brahman. Prajapati states, "he by whose departure, the body is worst off, is the one". Paul Deussen, Sixty Upanishads of the Veda, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass. [31] John Oman, in his review of the satire in section 1.12 of the Chandogya Upanishad, states, "More than once we have the statement that ritual doings only provide merit in the other world for a time, whereas the right knowledge rids of all questions of merit and secures enduring bliss".[35]. Indeed, he who knows the noblest and the best, becomes the noblest and the best. He who knows home,[114] becomes home for others. PT Raju (1985), Structural Depths of Indian Thought, State University New York Press. John Oman (2014), The Natural and the Supernatural, Cambridge University Press. [18], The Chandogya Upanishad opens with the recommendation that "let a man meditate on Om". [51][54], The discussion of ethics and moral conduct in man's life re-appears in other chapters of Chandogya Upanishad, such as in section 3.17. Scholars have also questioned[91] whether this part of the verse is an interpolation, or just a different Krishna Devikaputra than deity Krishna,[92] because the much later age Sandilya Bhakti Sutras, a treatise on Krishna,[93] cites later age compilations such as Narayana Upanishad and Atharvasiras 6.9, but never cites this verse of Chandogya Upanishad. [145] Higher than Strength, states section 7.9 of the Upanishad, is Anna (अन्नं, food, nourishment) because with proper Food, man becomes Strong. (6- Section- 2- Verse- 1) Swethaswethara Upanishad:~ Na casya kasuj janita na cadhipah , which means of him of Almighty God, there are no parents they have got no lord. [64], Gayatri mantra[67] is the symbol of the Brahman - the essence of everything, states volume 3.12 of the Chandogya Upanishad. All (everything) is the Brahman of the Upanishads. [146], Sanatkumara states that Narada, with the worldly knowledge, has so far focussed on name. Invocation . Thou art the Prana-samsitamasi (fountainhead, crest of life-principles). [133][135], In the verses of volume 3, Uddalaka asserts that life emerges through three routes: an egg, direct birth of a living being, and as life sprouting from seeds. The story is also notable for the repeated use of the word Bhagavan to mean teacher during the Vedic era. [82][83] The struggles of an individual, such as hunger, thirst and events that make him unhappy, states the Upanishad, is Diksha (preparation, effort or consecration for the ceremony/festival). 1. Translation 3: That which is this finest essence, that the whole world has as its self. [71] This Brahman-Atman premise is more consciously and fully developed in section 3.14 of the Chandogya Upanishad. 5. One must adore and revere the Space as the Brahman. Hari! Patrick Olivelle (2014), The Early Upanishads, Oxford University Press. [31][35], Such satire is not unusual in Indian literature and scriptures, and similar emphasis for understanding over superficial recitations is found in other ancient texts, such as chapter 7.103 of the Rig Veda. [1][8], The Chandogya Upanishad is notable for its lilting metric structure, its mention of ancient cultural elements such as musical instruments, and embedded philosophical premises that later served as foundation for Vedanta school of Hinduism. What is the origin of this world? [177][178] Each and every living creature is understood, in this Chandogya Upanishad-inspired fundamental doctrine of Hinduism, to be a manifestation of the same underlying nature, where there is a deep sense of interconnected oneness in every person and every creature, and that singular nature renders each individual being identical to every other. The Chandogya Upanishad opens with the recommendation that "let a man meditate on Om". One must adore and revere Water as the Brahman. [89] The prosperity of an individual, such as eating, drinking and experiencing the delights of life is Upasada (days during the ceremony/festival when some foods and certain foods are consumed as a community). [4] Phillips states that Chandogya was completed after Brihadaranyaka, both probably in early part of the 8th millennium CE. Be the first one to write a review. Om! That is the truth. 1. Chandogya Upanishad is one of the oldest Upanishad written on the Vedic Brahmana period about ninth to eighth century BC. [144] Greater than Food, states section 7.10 of the Upanishad, is Āpah (आप, water) because without Water one cannot grow Food, famines strike and living creatures perish. [110] Each rivaling organ leaves for a year, and the body suffers but is not worse off. Salt dissolves in water, it is everywhere in the water, it cannot be seen, yet it is there and exists forever no matter what one does to the water. This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. [51] The Upanishad describes the three branches of dharma as follows: त्रयो धर्मस्कन्धा यज्ञोऽध्ययनं दानमिति प्रथम [166] Thereafter, the text structures its analysis of true and false Atman as four answers. [106], The fifth chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad opens with the declaration,[109]. He who knows excellence,[111] becomes excellent. [143] Higher than Will, states section 7.5 of the Upanishad, is Chitta (चित्त, thought, consciousness) because when a man Thinks he forms his Will. Narada says, he knows the Rig Veda, the Sama Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Atharva Veda, the epics and the history, the myths and the ancient stories, all rituals, grammar, etymology, astronomy, time keeping, mathematics, politics and ethics, warfare, principles of reasoning, divine lore, prayer lore, snake charming, ghosts lore and fine arts. [79], The section 3.17 of Chandogya Upanishad describes life as a celebration of a Soma-festival, whose dakshina (gifts, payment) is moral conduct and ethical precepts that includes non-violence, truthfulness, non-hypocrisy and charity unto others, as well as simple introspective life. 14,318 Views . Lord of food, bring hither food, bring it!, Om!". [144][146], More elevated than Speech, asserts section 7.3 of the Upanishad, is Manas (मनस्, mind) because Mind holds both Speech and Name (outer worldly knowledges). Body dies, life doesn't. Content: Third Chapter. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad has six adhyayas (chapters) in total. Paul Deussen states that the underlying message of Samvarga Vidya is that the cosmic phenomenon and the individual physiology are mirrors, and therefore man should know himself as identical with all cosmos and all beings. Speech is indeed the richest. The essence of all beings is the earth, the essence of the earth is water, the essence of water the plants, the essence of plants man, the essence of man speech, the essence of speech the Rig-veda, the essence of the Rig-veda the Sama-veda, the essence of the Sama-veda the udgitha (which is Om). [27] The gods then revered the Udgitha as sense of hearing (ear), but the demons afflicted it and ever since one hears both what is worth hearing and what is not worth hearing, because hearing is afflicted with good and evil. [133][134], Man's journey to self-knowledge and self-realization, states volume 6.14 of Chandogya Upanishad, is like a man who is taken from his home in Gandharas, with his eyes covered, into a forest full of life-threatening dangers and delicious fruits, but no human beings. [27] The gods revered the Udgitha as sense of smell, but the demons cursed it and ever since one smells both good-smelling and bad-smelling, because it is afflicted with good and evil. Chandogya Upanishad. when one understands this, one loves the Soul, delights in the Soul, revels in the Soul, rejoices in the Soul, There are three branches of Dharma (religious life, duty): Yajna (sacrifice), Svādhyāya (self study) and Dāna (charity) are the first, That is Reality. University of California press, 1996. That is the self. Summary: This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya.The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. 55 No. The first six verses of the thirteenth volume of Chandogya's third chapter state a theory of Svarga (heaven) as human body, whose doorkeepers are eyes, ears, speech organs, mind and breath. Home > Divine Life > Scriptures > Brahma Vidya > The Upanishads > Essence of The Chandogya Upanishad: Essence of the Chhandogya Upanishad. Every chapter shows evidence of insertion or interpolation at a later age, because the structure, meter, grammar, style and content is inconsistent with what precedes or follows the suspect content and section. comment. Chapter 5 . 5 He who, knowing this, sings the praise of the syllable Om enters this same syllable, called the Svara, which is immortal and fearless. [133][138], The "Tat Tvam Asi" phrase is called a Mahavakya. Sat (Existence, Being[137]) is this root, it is the essence (atman), it is at the core of all living beings. It includes as dharma – ethical duties such as charity to those in distress (Dāna, दान), personal duties such as education and self study (svādhyāya, स्वाध्याय, brahmacharya, ब्रह्मचर्य), social rituals such as yajna (यज्ञ). 1. Hari Om! The person that is seen in the eye,[108] that is the Atman (Soul, Self). Aswapati asked Indradyumna, the grandson … King Janasruti is described as pious, extremely charitable, feeder of many destitutes, who built rest houses to serve the people in his kingdom, but one who lacked the knowledge of Brahman-Atman. Space, said he. [99] Satyakama then learns from these creatures that forms of Brahman is in all cardinal directions (north, south, east, west), world-bodies (earth, atmosphere, sky and ocean), sources of light (fire, sun, moon, lightning), and in man (breath, eye, ear and mind). This whole universe is Brahman. (...) Chapters VI-VII consist of vidyas of great depth and profundity". Goodall, Dominic. [162], The section is notable for the mention of "hermit's life in the forest" cultural practice, in verse 8.5.3. [74], The universe, states the Chandogya Upanishad in section 3.15, is a treasure-chest and the refuge for man. The most excellent is his, the most excellent worlds does he win, who, knowing it thus, reveres the most excellent Udgitha [Om, ॐ]. Part Five . Tat Tvam Asi (Repeated 9 Times) – Chart 17 6. [175][178], One of the ancient Sanskrit scriptures of Hinduism, The significance of Om syllable is discussed in the Chandogya Upanishad, as well as other Principal Upanishads. [99] Satyakama's mother reveals to the boy, in the passages of the Upanishad, that she went about in many places in her youth, and he is of uncertain parentage. The Chandogya Upanishad contains eight chapters, with each chapter divided into subchapters called Khanda. [Where Brahman-Atman dwells], there are all our true desires, but hidden by what is false. V-i-1: Om, Verily, he who knows the eldest and the best, surely becomes the eldest and the best. [144] Still deeper than Hope is Prāna (प्राणो, vital breath, life-principle), because life-principle is the hub of all that defines a man, and not his body. One must adore and revere Understanding as the Brahman. plus-circle Add Review. 4. All … [121][125] The baby is born in the tenth month, lives a life, and when deceased, they carry him and return him to the fire because fire is where he arose, whence he came out of. This Eternal Truth is the home, the core, the root of each living being. The inmost essence of all beings is same, the whole world is One Truth, One Reality, One Soul. [21][22] The highest song is Om, asserts volume 1.1 of Chandogya Upanishad. It rains, that is an Udgītha That is Atman (Soul). 3. It is associated with the Samaveda. The five householders approach a sage named Uddalaka Aruni, who admits his knowledge is deficient, and suggests that they all go to king Asvapati Kaikeya, who knows about Atman Vaishvanara. [27] Then the gods revered the Udgitha as Prāṇa (vital breath, breath in the mouth, life-principle), and the demons struck it but they fell into pieces. To 600 BCE, all things here arise out of the Sama Veda of Hinduism chapters VI-VIII deal... Of true and false Atman as four answers far focussed on name ( fire ritual ceremony ) in 3.15... Body suffers but is not worse off rest of the sacred Scriptures the... Brahmanandi Tankacharya, and Rebirth: a Brief History and Philosophy, Motilal Banarsidass in silence, then finds way... 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