In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. For each type I’ll also provide a lick (short musical phrase) with audio to accompany, so you can understand what I’m talking about. Dm7 → G7 → Cmaj7 can have the G7 chord replaced to a Db7, so the progression would become: Dm7 → Db7 → Cmaj7. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. The greats know how the substitution looks on the fretboard, and apply it straight there. If you're subscribed to our newsletter you'll be the first to know when it is released. 2:45 – Using the Circle of Fifths to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key And it's … Lately ( Tritone example in Db with modulation) I can't help it - (in Ab starting on the tritone) The Secret life of Plants (in Db) Sir Duke (in B) From the bottom of my heart (in C) A separate PDF tutorial called "What is a tritone substitute? He actively performs around the New York metropolitan area and is the author of the Hal Leonard publication "Visual Improvisation for Jazz Guitar." Looking forward to new eBook on Improv. Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of C major would be the Db7 chord. A more conspicuous chord substitution is where a V7 chord in a ii → V → I is replaced by a dominant 7thchord whose root is a tritone below. Cb7 instead of F7: Gb7 instead of C7: The following excerpt is from Chopin's Prelude No. A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. Tritone substitutions are a common harmonic device used in the jazz idiom. In this lesson we are going to look at various ways to add harmonic interest over dominant chords using tritones. These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. Today we are going to discuss some scales that you can use to approach various tritone substitutions when you improvise. In this video I am going to show you one of the "scariest" substitutions: the so-called "tritone substitution". This is a way of substituting V7 chords. ex 8d: Incorrect use of tritone substitution, the D in example 1 is perfectly happy resolving down a whole tone to the C, however in example 2 this resolution sounds wrong partly because of a b9 tendency to resolve by a semitone as mentioned, but also due to the conflict with the Db in the root resolving down a semitone to C. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: Things shift once you get to the B-string: Then they go back to the way things were before we got to that weird B-string…. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: 0:34 – Part 1: Two Easy ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. For every dominant 7th chord, there is one tritone sub associated with it. For this next lick, I’m going to do something different. A dominant chord wants to resolve to the I chord. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. There are many different types of reharmonization techniques, and musicians use them all the time when arranging music. A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. Theoretically, yes. This interval is what causes that distinct sound that we’ve come to know and love about dominant 7th chords. Play around with them, and see what you come up with! Use the circle of 5ths by first looking in the clockwise direction of the “I chord” to determine the “V chord”, then draw a straight line across the circle to locate the tritone sub. I’m old af now and still at it! In Blues and Jazz turnarounds, it's common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. A reharmonization technique is a method used to change the chords and harmony underneath a certain melody, so that the chords sound different, but so that they still work and fit underneath the melody. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. How does it work with diminished, 7b5, sus4, etc (colorful chords). Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. ¿Could you please add a "print" button? One of the most common Chord Substitutions in Jazz is the Tritone Substitution. It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. G7 = G B D F 2. So why does it want to ‘resolve’ to a C major chord. For example, if you have a C7 chord you’d substitute it with a Gb7 chord. The first step is to learn the examples covered in the lesson. Tritone substitution is the substitution of one chord (almost always a dominant 7th of some sort) for one with a root a tritone away. Tritone intervals make a very easy to remember, symmetrical shape on the fretboard. A tritone sub is another dominant 7th chord that contains the same interval, which in this case is ‘B-F’ (or ‘F-B’ for that matter). What is a tritone substitution? 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘C#’ or ‘Db’ (same note). It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. A Tritone Substitution is when you substitute a dominant 7th chord (like G7 or D7) for another dominant 7th chord that is a tritone away from it. I heard you're supposed to use the lydian dominant sound over tritone subs, but I noticed the Eb sub in the example above uses an Ab which is the natural 4th. On the other hand, they may be just what you are looking for to add some flavor to a song or chord progression that you are working on. When you understand what a tritone interval is, understanding a tritone substitution is fairly easy. As you will see i a moment, this is incredibly easy to do. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. Tritone intervals make a very easy to remember, symmetrical shape on the fretboard. Keep in mind that no scale is a cure-all for your […] Brent Vaartstra is a professional jazz guitarist and educator living in New York City. For example, above we said that D – G# forms a tritone, and Bb – E as well. Brian thanks for this – so the tritone is made up of the root and the flat 5th – which is also the ‘blue’ note is that right? In the key of G major, “G major” would be your I chord. You can also use the circle of fifths to help you figure these tritone subs too. 7:55 – What is a “Tritone Interval” If you ever wondered WHY a G7 chord resolves so nicely to a C chord, it is because of this tritone interval. The above example shows a C7 going to a Gb7 with Db in the bass. In this episode I give example of three different way to apply tritone substitution and I give some … One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. So let’s jump right into some different kinds of tritone substitutions. In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. I think it will be helpful for you to see both of these in action together. This is by far the most common tritone substitution, so pay close attention. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. You can add tensions to the tritone sub chord, and more often than not, … A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. Great lesson and audio examples help a lot, thanks Brent. Similarly, the twelve-bar blues example has a tritone substitution for the I7 chord, not for the dominant chord, which leads me to think tritone substitution and substitute dominant are quite conceptually different - that substitute dominants are sometimes, but not always, tritone substitutions, and that tritone substitutions have functions other than as substitute dominants. We’d anticipate a … The tritone substitution corresponds to an altered version of the original chord, without the root (if you don't add a #11 to the tritone sub, which would correspond to the root of the original chord). The b II7 chord (D b 7) can be in place of the G7, thus giving Dm7 | D b 7 | Cmaj7. In other words, take a piece of music and add chords reflecting the melody (or parts of it). Well, look at the notes of a C major chord now: The note ‘B’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘C’, which is the root of the C major chord, The note ‘F’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘E’, which is the 3rd of the C major chord. This is an intense sound, because with this kind of substitution, the root of the chord is chromatic. Also the roots of the two chords are a tritone apart. Right off the bat, you can conclude that by substituting a Db7 for a G7, it implies that the G7 has altered qualities. Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. 0:00 – Intro Study up on all of these, and you will have opened up a lot of different possibilities for your jazz improvisation! Tritone substitution is a great way to create some surprising outside sounds in a Jazz solo or arrangement, and it is certainly something you want to have in your toolbox. Some examples. As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. They are most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the tritone substitution being used in place of the V chord. The tritone substitution for the 5 … The tritone sub is always a dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”. -Michael. This can only be explained in words so much. Because it lends itself so well to the blues, this last lick is going to be a short and sweet bluesy lick. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. An important technique that jazz musicians use to create harmonic movement is tritone substitution. Having said that, an alternate way of using the tritone substitution is to place the dominant note in the bass. The chromatic effect of the tritone. There are even musicians (often times piano players) who have taken a liking to the world of reharmonizing and autom… In the previous example, C#7 is the dominant substitute of G7. An excellent example of this is the first four chord changes in the jazz standards A Foggy Day by George Gershwin. It’s the flat 13. Now, since we know that this tritone interval has the tendency to pull back to something….and that something in this case is the C major chord….what if there was another chord that contains this same interval? Wikipedia explains it this way: In jazz music, a tritone substitution is the use in a chord progression of a dominant seventh chord (major/minor seventh chord) that is three steps (a tritone) away from the original dominant seventh chord. Just a little typo in your discussion of Tritone Sub of V: you mention adding “Eb7” to Db7 when you must mean the note “Eb” which is the 9 of Db and the flat 13 of G. This might be confusing for readers who are new to theory. At 0:11 the … They work because the Guide Tones(3rd & 7th) are the same in both chords. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. Thanks! thanks! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Look through the jazz standards you are playing, and spot any major 251s. In practice, a tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7 chord. So a G7 would become a D♭7 (the root note is a tritone away). The two chords can function as the same chord, as shown here: This has enormous implications for improvising. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. D♭7 = D♭ F A♭ B In practice, a tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7 chord. The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes. It’s the same concept. Here are some examples of tritone substitutions with a II-V-I progression : Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7. Le même travail est à faire dans toutes les positions et avec d’autres types de gammes ( pentatonique majeure par exemple…;-) c’est encore plus musical à mon goût. This technique can add some great color to your jazz solos. Your email address will not be published. The Eb7 would imply an A7alt. What is a Tritone Substitution? See Everything that Zombie Guitar has to Offer! Before watching this lesson, you should check out the introduction lesson on Tritone Substitution. For example, if we had an F7 chord, we could replace that chord with a dominant chord a tritone away. This doesn’t mean you can’t substitute other chord qualities, but a dominant 7 is most often the chord being used to replace. Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. In this lesson, I’m going to talk about tritone substitution, what it is, and 3 different types you should be aware of. He writes: “Comparable to melodic and harmonic progressions in African music (and the blues), movement of chord sequences in bebop emphasizes resolutions in a downward direction, eliminating all memory of European leading-tone … Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of G major would be the Ab7 chord. Locate the chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”, make that into a dominant 7th chord, 2.) Doing this creates some delicious dissonances: C Dm7 Db7/G C. You get the bass note G clashing with an F … In this case the V is substituted by the chord featuring the same tritone (bII7), which gives way to a chromatic progression on the bass. Example lines with Tritone Substitutions The first example line is a fairly basic line just to show what the sound of the Ab7 chord can already do in the line. Let me explain. So, if we had a D7 chord in a progression, a Tritone Substitution would switch in a G#7 chord in its place, and a Bb7 could be switched to an E7. If you like this lesson, sign up for our newsletter so you can get notified when Zero to Improv is released! tritone substitution Targetting resolution notes licks 2–6 Comme vous pouvez le voir, et dans un but pédagogique j’utilise toujours le même début et les postions des 2 arpèges . Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. I’m going to combine the tritone sub of VI with the tritone sub of V. To demonstrate, the last three bars will be repeating the tritone sub of V lick we just played. cheers for this!! This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." 5:12 – Part 2: The “Theory” Behind Tritone Subs For example if you played C///, F///, G///, C//// how would you mix in these colorful chords to make the music appear more complex? 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