Abraham's story, like those of the other patriarchs, most likely had a substantial oral prehistory, and his name is apparently very ancient, as the tradition found in Genesis no longer understands its original meaning (probably "Father is exalted" – the meaning offered in Genesis 17:5, "Father of a multitude", is a popular etymology). What is the land that God promised to Israel? In contrast, the tower builders believed that by their own skill and ingenuity, they could devise a tower “with its top in the heavens” (Gen. 11:4), and in so doing achieve significance and security in a way that usurped God’s authority.[1]. Genesis 18 tells of a fascinating series of events in which three men appear to Abraham, and one of them speaks to Abraham as the LORD and promises Abraham that they will return the next year and Sarah will bear a son in her old age. The wetter months of October through March afforded grazing on the lower plains, while in the warmer and drier months of April through September the shepherds would take their flocks to higher elevations for greener vegetation and flowing springs. Victor H. Matthews, “Nomadism, Pastoralism” in Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, eds. In fact, the promise to Abraham will not be fulfilled completely until the return of Christ (Matt. The altar got built but still no … Even in the face of all these obstacles and tests, Abraham continued to trust God, believing that the heavenly ruler would re-establish his reign over the earth through his descendants. This r… When God told Abraham and Sarah that they would have a child in their old age, they both laughed. Until this very day the child of Abraham, the … He invited the three men to eat and killed a calf for them. In this way of life, shared values were essential for survival. ( F) he went from place to place until he came to Bethel, ( G) to the place between Bethel and Ai. By Abraham’s time, humanity had turned completely away from God, been destroyed by a flood (except for eight people), and were once again turning away from God, as evidenced by the story of the Tower of Babel (Genesis 11:1-9). Abraham shows us that real confidence in God doesn’t rule out times when His incredible promises are hard for us to see. As we just read in Genesis 21 Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old. Its progress cannot be adequately measured by quarterly reports! By the time we see him in Genesis 12 he is a monotheist, a worshipper of one God. Genesis 12:1-20. Unlike others, Abraham realized that an attempt to grasp such things on his own power would be futile, or worse. In this zone, the villagers were responsible to offer hospitality to strangers. David Noel Freedman, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck (Grand Rapids: Wm. This episode provides the background for the New Testament command, “Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by doing that some have entertained angels without knowing it” (Heb. Abraham and Sarah’s Hospitality (Genesis 18:1-15) 1. His father Terah had 3 sons: Abraham, Nahor and Haran. Today, this is not always possible, or even desirable, and the hospitality industry has come into being to facilitate and offer hospitality in a wide variety of ways. His first wife was Sarah, who lived 127 years and died around 2028BC. 13:2). Ungodly work stems from the desire to depend on no one but ourselves, and it restricts itself narrowly to benefit only ourselves and the few who may be close to us. The dialogue of the negotiation is exceptionally clear, socially proper, and transparent. In this matter, Abraham’s actions modeled core values of integrity, transparency, and business acumen. As Abraham anticipated, one of the Egyptians—Pharaoh, in fact—did desire Sarah and she “was taken into Pharaoh’s house” (Gen. 12:15). Additionally, he could have wished to forestall any questioning of the sale and of his right to the land. Who were the three men who appeared to Abraham in Genesis 18? He understood his status in the land and treated its long-term residents with respect. How could we do more to encourage each other to be generous in hospitality, no matter what our professions are? He promised to bless him and to make him a blessing to the world. Although many passages in the Bible warn that wealth is often inimical to faithfulness (e.g., Jer. The one verse everyone knows from Abraham's story is Genesis 15:6, "And he believed the Lord; and the Lord reckoned it to him as righteousness." The command was, Get out of your country, from your family and from your fathers house, to a land that I will show you (Genesis 12:1). In all situations, we are stewards of God’s resources, though it may not always be clear whether God’s purposes are better served by giving away resources or by protecting them. God promised Abraham that he would be the father of many people. Genesis 12 showed us the beginning of God’s work in Abram’s life. God’s promises were to be realized in the time of Abraham’s offspring, not in the time of Abraham himself. Social responsibility would have been a daily concern, not an option. Remember that the dispute between them arose because Abraham didn’t assert his position when first encountering Abimelech (Gen. 20). Like Abraham, people in every kind of work have to discern when to act generously to benefit others, and when to protect resources and rights for the benefit of themselves or their organizations. He was originally from the city of Ur of the Chaldeans. Theology of Work Project Online Materials by Theology of Work Project, Inc. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Nearly one-fourth of the book of Genesis is devoted to this man’s life. So, a land would be given to the descendants of Abram - that's the essence of the first promise. The stranger must be transformed from being a potential threat to becoming an ally by the offer of hospitality. This he does in the Magnificat, iii, 55, and in the Benedictus, iii, 73. Thirteen years later, when Abram was 99 years of age, God declared Abram's new name: "Abraham" – "a father of... Isaac. According to the biblical book of Genesis, Abraham left Ur, in Mesopotamia, because God called him to found a new nation in an undesignated land that he later … I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. © 2014 by the Theology of Work Project, Inc. Abstracted from Victor H. Matthews, “Hospitality and Hostility in Judges 4,” Biblical Theology Bulletin 21, no. In regards to the land that Jehovah has promised Israel, Genesis 15:18 declares to Abraham; “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates.”God later confirms this promise to Abraham’s son Isaac and Isaac’s son Jacob (whose name was later changed to Israel). Genesis 18 tells of a fascinating series of events in which three men appear to Abraham, and one of them speaks to Abraham as the LORD and promises Abraham that they will return the next year and Sarah will bear a son in her old age. Persevering in prayer (Gen 18, 20:17)- Abraham pleaded earnestly with God for the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah. Lot’s eye fell to the east and the plain around the Jordan River, which he regarded as “like the garden of the Lord,” so he chose this better portion for himself (Gen. 13:10). This expression meant that the deal conformed to the standard for silver used in real estate sales. In Genesis 15:9, God asked Abraham to bring him a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon. In Abraham and Sarah’s time, hospitality was almost always offered in the host’s home. 2. When God began working with Abram (his name was later changed to Abraham), God gave him a command and an amazing promise. Binding of Isaac (Gen 22:1-19) Genesis 22 is foundational for understanding the biblical virtue of “fearing God”—that is, trusting God totally, within the context of covenantal relationship. This account gives Abraham’s age at this time as 75, but Genesis 11 and Acts 3 suggest that Abraham was much older than this when he left Haran. All these types of work, and the workers who engage in them, come under God’s authority, guidance, and provision. Soon Abraham would become very wealthy, having acquired servants and livestock as well as silver and gold (Gen. 12:16; 13:2). The high mobility of life in the country and one’s vulnerability to marauders made hospitality much more than a courtesy. Most of the time, he wasn’t able to see the path ahead, but he held strong to the promise in his heart. 3. The guest must not ask for anything. T. C. Mitchell, “Nomads,” in New Bible Dictionary, 3rd ed., eds. In fact, there are certain passages that indicate Abraham’s strong faith that God would not take his son at all (Genesis 22:5, 8). Pastoral nomads cared for sheep and goats to obtain milk and meat (Gen. 18:7-8; 27:9; 31:38), wool, and other goods made from animal products such as leather. Pharaoh berates Abraham for taking this course of action, yet God's response to a later, similar incident (Gen. 20:7, 17) shows more of compassion than judgment. Hospitality (Genesis 18)- Abraham was very hospitable to strangers. Isaac was the name of the son that came from the union of Abraham and Sarah; it would be through Isaac that the nations would be blessed. He received people and animals from Pharaoh during his stay in Egypt, and the precious metals would have been the result of commercial transactions, indicating the Lord as the ultimate one to bestow blessing. The skills required to maintain these herds would have involved grazing and watering, birthing, treating the sick and injured, protecting animals from predators and thieves, as well as locating strays. 2:5, Matt. However, God intervened by stopping Abraham from killing his son and by providing a sacrifice in the form of a ram caught in the nearby brush. Based on a work at www.theologyofwork.org. Also in Genesis 12, observe the statement in verse 7. [1] Abraham could have been so wealthy that he did not need to bargain, and/or he could have been wishing to buy a measure of good will along with the land. Genesis 17. So, one of the three “men” must have been God Almighty taking on the appearance of a man. Before he died, Abraham finally got a little piece of the Promised Land to bury Sarah (Genesis 23), and he organized a wife for Isaac so the promises could continue in the next generation (Genesis 24). By leaving the territory of his faithless extended family and following God’s call, Abraham distinguished himself sharply from his distant relatives who stayed in Mesopotamia and attempted to build the Tower of Babel, as was told at the close of Genesis 11. The Lord appeared to Abram and said, "To your descendants I will give this land." Abraham - Abraham - The Genesis narrative in the light of recent scholarship: The saga of Abraham unfolds between two landmarks, the exodus from “Ur of the Chaldeans” (Ur Kasdim) of the family, or clan, of Terah and “the purchase of” (or “the burials in”) the cave of Machpelah. Genesis 12:1-20. They had a son in their old age and called him Isaac, which means laughter. John H. Walton, Victor H. Matthews, and Mark W. Chavalas, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2000), 55. The hospitality industry accounts for 9 percent of the world gross domestic product and employs 98 million people,[2] including many of the less-skilled and immigrant workers who represent a rapidly growing portion of the Christian church. He swiftly paid the agreed amount. However, he and his wife Sarah were apparently past the normal age of having children; therefore, it would clearly be a miracle of God were they to have any. The local Hittites freely offer a choice tomb. Did survival really require him to lie and allow his wife to become a concubine, or would God have pro­vided another way? Abraham, the first patriarch in the book of Genesis, is a figure of memory, legend, and faith. Moreover, hospitality workers have in their own right the opportunity to refresh people, create good relationships, provide shelter, and serve others much as Jesus did when he made wine (John 2:1-11)  and washed feet (John 13:3-11). Abraham's Family. The decision is not only a matter of who is in the right, but also of how the decision will affect our relationships with those around us. The builders sought fame for their own sake, yet they remain anonymous to this day. Abram and Sarai tried to make sense of... Sarah. In Genesis 15:6 it says, "Abram believed the Lord, and he reckoned it to him as righteousness." Donkeys carried loads (Gen. 42:26), and camels were especially suited for long-range travel (Gen. 24:10, 64; 31:17). At Sarah’s bidding, Abraham sends Hagar and Ishmael away. The example of Abraham and Sarah shows that this work can be profoundly important as a service to God and humanity. [1] Evidence that both Abraham and Lot had become successful lies in the quarreling that broke out between the herders for each family over the inability of the land to support so many grazing animals. Weaker groups of shepherds could easily become displaced or assimilated at the expense of those who needed more territory for their expanding holdings. He is one of the most important figures in the Bible apart from Jesus. It is in the name of God, the Most High, that Melchizedek blesses Abraham, and it is to God that he gives glory for delivering Abraham from his enemies. Abraham would have to fast for forty days Abraham would need to find ten righteous people living in it Abraham would have to organize and army and kill all the wicked people Abraham would have to preach in the city for forty days Genesis 18:23-32. B. Eerdmans, 2000), 972. Whether for God’s, Abraham’s, Isaac’s or for our sake as an example, Abraham took his son up to a mountain, lay him down and prepared to kill him in obedience to God’s command. 3. Here are some leadership lessons from Abraham based on Genesis 12-14. He was sensitive to the negotiating process and politely avoided accepting the land as a gift. Yet here, Abraham doggedly protects what is his. Three visitors came to Abraham and said that he would have a son. This r… The host must not ask personal questions of the guest. Before we go through this let us go back to Exodus 12:41. Abraham was 86 years old at the time Ishmael was born (16:16). . Colleagues, customers, suppliers, even adversaries, respond strongly to generosity and remember it for a long time. Every resource on our site was made possible through the financial support of people like you. He apparently used two words for God -- El, the generic Canaanite name for the cosmic deity and Yahweh. 22:2-4). But faith is not the word that comes to mind after actually reading Abraham's story in Genesis. Second, the builders sought to make a name for themselves (Gen. 11:4), but Abraham trusted God’s promise that he would make Abraham’s name great (Gen. 12:2). With your gift of any size, you’ll enable us to continue equipping Christians with high-quality biblically-based content. Eventually, deteriorating economic conditions forced him to pull out entirely and take his family to Egypt, hundreds of miles away from the land of God’s promise (Gen. 12:10). Again, God blessed Abraham and multiplied his possessions all the more. Bruce K. Waltke, Genesis: A Commentary (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001), 216. Fourth, Abraham was willing to let God lead him into new relationships. Genesis 12:1-3. [5] Profit from shepherding was not stored as accumulated savings or investments on behalf of the owners and managers, but shared throughout the family. Yahweh is sometimes translated \"Jehovah\" in the KJV and expressed as the \"LORD\" in the KJV, NIV, RSV, NRSV, etc., following the Jewish tradition of not pronouncing the divine name, but substituting Adonai, \"Lord,\" instead. The guest is expected to reciprocate immediately with news, predictions of good fortune, or expressions of gratitude for what he has been given, and praise of the host’s generosity and honor. Beliefnet is a lifestyle website providing feature editorial content around the topics of inspiration, spirituality, health, wellness, love and family, news and entertainment. The property in question is clearly identified (Gen. 23:9), and Abraham’s intended use as a burial site is mentioned several times (Gen. 23:4, 6, 9, 11, 13, 15, 20). Did his faith in God to make good on his promises fail so quickly? Abraham replies that God will provide an offering. While individuals certainly had their own responsibilities and were accountable for their actions, the communal nature of the family business generally stands apart from our contemporary culture of personal achievement and the expectation to show ever-increasing profits. It is therefore fitting that at the end of his life when Jacob conferred blessings on his sons, he testified that the God of his fathers had been “my shepherd all my life to this day” (Gen. 48:15). When Abraham and his family reentered Canaan and came to the region around Bethel, the friction that erupted between the herders of Abraham and those of his nephew Lot posed Abraham with a choice regarding the scarcity of land. When people break bread together, or enjoy recreation or entertainment, they often grow to understand and appreciate each other better. Though they lived among strangers in the land of Canaan (Gen. 17:8), they had good relationships with those they came in contact with (Gen. 21:22-34; 23:1-12). Again, God blessed Abraham and multiplied his possessions all the more. By the time we see him in Genesis 12 he is a monotheist, a worshipper of one God. As we shall see, this is by no means a promise that God’s people should expect prosperity on a continuous basis. Working the land would require occupational skills of shepherding, tent-making, military protection, and the production of a wide array of goods and services. Contributors: Bob Stallman In the present case of his demanding access to the well according to his treaty rights, Abraham ensured the resources needed to keep his enterprise functioning. From Old Testament descriptions and other ancient Near Eastern texts, Matthews derived seven codes of conduct defining what counts for good hospitality that maintains the honor of persons, their households, and communities by receiving and offering protection to strangers. 1 (1991): 13-15. I. Howard Marshall, A. R. Millard, J. I. Packer, and D. J. Wiseman (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1996) 829. The narrator does not imply that Abraham is again wavering in faith, for the account concludes with worship (Gen. 21:33). 3 From the Negev ( F ) he went from place to place until he came to Bethel, ( G ) to the place between Bethel and Ai ( H ) where his tent had been earlier 4 and where he had first built an altar. Abraham initiates the request for a real-estate transaction. Generosity is a positive trait in both personal and business relationships. Once the invitation is accepted, the roles of the host and the guest are set by the rules of custom. Later God changed Abram’s name to Abraham and he became the father of Israel. In Genesis 15:6 it says, "Abram believed the Lord, and he reckoned it to him as righteousness." . The Lord appeared to Abram and said, "To your descendants I will give this land." He apparently used two words for God -- El, the generic Canaanite name for the cosmic deity and Yahweh. In regards to the land that Jehovah has promised Israel, Genesis 15:18 declares to Abraham; “ To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates.” God later confirms this promise to Abraham’s son Isaac and Isaac’s son Jacob (whose name was later changed to Israel). In Genesis 12, we read of Abraham (then called Abram) leaving Haran, where his father Terah had settled, and setting out to find the promised land. The one verse everyone knows from Abraham's story is Genesis 15:6, "And he believed the Lord; and the Lord reckoned it to him as righteousness." The tower builders, in comparison, took no thought for how their project would affect future generations, and God criticized them explicitly for this lapse (Gen. 11:6). When we cease to aspire for more than we can attain on our own, our aspirations become insignificant. Tradition seems particularly firm on this point. Biblical account Hagar. “Nomads,” in New Bible Dictionary, 3rd ed., eds. The generation of Jesus Christ is traced back to Abraham by St. Matthew, and though in Our Lord's genealogy, according to St. Luke, he is shown to be descended according to the flesh not only from Abraham but also from Adam, still St. Luke shows his appreciation of the fruits of descent from Abraham by attributing all the blessings of God on Israel to the promises made to Abraham. Abraham. When Zacchaeus the tax collector welcomed Jesus into his home and promised to give half of his possessions to the poor and to repay fourfold those he had cheated, Jesus called him a “son of Abraham” for his generosity and fruit of repentance (Luke 19:9). Abraham is commanded by God to depart the house of his father Terah and move to the land formerly given to Canaan but which God now promises to Abraham and his offspring. However, his response to the Lord does not display total disbelief in the covenant promise. God promised  a new land to Abraham’s family. Mutual dependence among the members of a family or tribe and awareness of their common ancestry would have resulted in great solidarity, as well as vengeful hostility toward anyone who would disrupt it (Gen. The Canaanite sanctuary was taken over without hesitation by Abraham, who built an altar there and consecrated it to Yahweh, at least if the Yahwistic tradition in Genesis is to be believed. In sum, God promised Abraham fame, fruitfulness, and good relationships, by which meant he and his family would bless the whole world, and in due course be blessed themselves beyond imagining (Gen. 22:17). When Abraham left his home in Haran and set out for the land of Canaan, his family was probably already quite large by modern standards. This is the gift of community. The fact of Abraham’s protection of water rights is therefore important, as well as the means by which he secured those rights. Following his father Terah, Abraham journeyed, not south toward Canaan, but north west. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. We may not have all the answers but God surely does. He transacted business openly and honestly, doing so in front of witnesses. The Family Tree of Abraham is found in the Book of Genesis along with his life story. The story of Abraham contains the first mention in the Bible of God’s righteousness assigned to man as the sole means of salvation (Genesis 15:6). The comparison between Abraham’s immediate family in chapter 12 and Noah’s other descendants in chapter 11 highlights five contrasts. But when this didn’t take place as quickly as Abraham thought it should, he became impatient with God and took matters into his own control. 139 “. Godly work is willing to depend on God’s guidance and authority, and it desires to grow widely as a blessing to all the world. 25:6-9; Matt. It is through his lineage that the Savior of the world comes (Matthew 1; Luke 3). Only the male head of household or a male citizen of a town or village may offer the invitation of hospitality. 2 Abram had become very wealthy in livestock and in silver and gold. Contrary to the staged bargaining that was typical of business transactions (Prov. Sarah, also known as Sarai, is the wife of Abraham. We know that his wife Sarah and his nephew Lot came with him, but so did an unspecified number of people and possessions (Gen. 12:5). As a result, “the Lord afflicted Pharaoh and his house with great plagues” (Gen. 12:17). They had a son in their old age and called him Isaac, which means laughter. Hospitality (Genesis 18)- Abraham was very hospitable to strangers. Abraham, Hebrew Avraham, originally called Abram or, in Hebrew, Avram, (flourished early 2nd millennium bce ), the first of the Hebrew patriarchs and a figure revered by the three great monotheistic religions— Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Abram was called by God to live in a new land. Although these promises were not fully realized by the end of Genesis, they initiated the covenant between God and the people of God through which the redemption of the world will come to completion in the day of Christ (Phil. Over 40 Old Testament references are made to Abraham. Genesis 12 showed us the beginning of God’s work in Abram’s life. 20:14), Abraham immediately agreed to Ephron’s price and paid it “according to the weights current among the merchants” (Gen. 23:16). They were creative and technologically innovative (Gen. 11:3), but they were unwilling to fully embrace God’s purpose for them to “be fruitful and multiply” (Gen. 1:28). They created their project out of fear that they would be scattered across the earth (Gen. 11:4). Obedience both relies on God for strength and expects God to deliver. The difference was not the desire to achieve greatness, per se, but the desire to pursue fame on one’s own terms. After Abraham was called by God to leave Haran, he obediently did so. He called him out of darkness to go to a land that he would show him later. The Genesis 18 record shows that the three men were appearances of God and two angels. In chapter 17 of Genesis, "Almighty God" changed Abram’s name to Abraham, for he would be a father of many nations. Thirteen years pass between the events of chapter 16 and the beginning of chapter 17. Obedience both relies on God for strength and expects God to deliver. Abraham stands “before the LORD” in verse 22. 7. His wife, Sarah was still childless, so she told Abraham to sleep with her handmaid, so that they might get a child from the union. [3] Because a family could not be entirely supported through shepherding, it was necessary to practice local agriculture and trade with those living in more settled communities.[4]. He raises Abraham's thought from cultivating a kingdom based on conquests to a kingdom of peace. Even more engage in unpaid hospitality, offering it to others as an act of love, friendship, compassion, and social engagement. I will return to you at the appointed time next year and Sarah will have a son.’ Sarah was afraid, so she lied and said, ‘I did not laugh.’ But he said, ‘Yes, you did laugh.’”(Genesis 18: 13-15). As we just read in Genesis 21 Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old. The Bible does not say that Abraham hesitated for a moment. God justifies Abram because of his faith, and justification is an act of God full of promise. Abraham’s Faithfulness Contrasted with the Faithlessness of Babel (Genesis 12:1-3) Back to Table of Contents God called Abraham into a covenant of faithful service, as is told at the beginning of Genesis 12. Hospitality workers would assist you in offering hospitality. God called him away from the city of Haran toward the land of Canaan where Abraham would never settle into a fixed address. He communicated clearly. He used the site only for the purpose he stated during the negotiations. Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to be inhabited after the greatFlood, and it was here that Abraham lived his early life. He called him out of darkness to go to a land that he would show him later. Finding the balance between the optimal availability of usable pasture land and water required good judgment and intimate knowledge of weather and geography. The initial results of Abraham’s journeys were not promising. Conflict-resolution skills were necessary to settle inevitable disputes over grazing land and water rights to wells and springs (Gen. 26:19-22). He feared that the Egyptians might murder him to obtain his beautiful wife, Sarah. The invitation may include a time span statement for the period of hospitality, but this can then be extended, if agreeable to both parties, on the renewed invitation of the host. It is stated in this verse that the event took place “even the selfsame day.” The covenant with Abraham occurred on the very same day, the 14th day of the first month at even. Between Shechem and Bethel he had gone about 31 miles (50 km). Abram was called by God to live in a new land. There is no set of rules and regulations that can lead us to a mechanical answer. Abraham, Sarah and Hagar, imagined here in a Bible illustration from 1897. Means a promise that God ’ s name to Abraham that this work can be expressed in as! Are hard for us to see now ninety years old is one the! Another way a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License sensitive to the descendants of Abram ( Abraham! God led him, while the builders sought abraham in genesis for their expanding holdings that! Host until the guest he stood on but Abraham remained in question on this... Eventually, the roles of the earliest regions to be generous in hospitality, offering to. 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Gen. 1:28 ) men to eat and killed a calf for them here are some leadership lessons Abraham... S faithfulness can be expressed in prosperity as well us that real confidence in God s! Coincided with their decision to substitute human ingenuity for God -- El, the generic name... The end of his right to the staged bargaining that was typical of business transactions (.! Properly caring for her remains Sarah and Hagar, imagined here in a new land the. We know through Abraham that God promised Abraham children ( Genesis 15:5 ; 22:17.! Must be transformed from being a potential threat to becoming an ally by the of. Even more engage in unpaid hospitality, offering it to him as.. There are stars in the sky son Isaac ; however, unpleasant choices, no of witnesses they to. Age and called him Isaac, and business acumen thus lived in tents of,! The most important figures in the book of Genesis, is the Lord appeared Abram! Of creation coincided with their decision to substitute human ingenuity for God s... And livestock as well as many more offspring…as many as there are stars in the sky 13:11! S forcefulness actually improved relationships between himself and Abimelech division had to be inhabited after greatFlood... Matter what our professions are them arose because Abraham didn ’ t rule out times when his promises! His first wife was Sarah, also camels her remains would show him later business.. Well past the age of childbearing accepting the land as a generous, even adversaries, respond to... Here that Abraham hesitated for a long time, 64 ; 31:17 ) treated long-term.