Attock was won by Marathas led by Peshwas (Prime Ministers of Maratha rulers, based in Pune] between 1751-1760. Attock fort has gained notoriety recently because the political prisoners it has housed from Ayub Khan’s time to Musharraf’s, including Nawaz Sharif. Muslim rulers of India made it a point to appoint non-Muslim subjects in their strategic outposts. It was built by Akbar the Mughal (in 1583) at the North-Western Tip of his kingdom. He called the crossing Ohind. The fall of Mughal Empire in eighteenth century saw the rise of Sikhs in Punjab and Durrani Afghans to the West. Cameraman with a local TV channel, Qais Khalil, was wounded and taken to hospital when armed men attacked him at the Customs Chowk. Alexander the Macedonian (326 BC), Timur the Tartar, Babar the Mughal, Ibn e Batuta (AD 1350) and Chinese traveler Hwen Tsang (AD 631) are all thought to have crossed over at approximately this point, on their way to India. Second time The fort was overrun by Ranjit Singh’s troops with the backing of British, in 1814. The fort has several compartments and sub-forts inside the premises. The Mughals built a fort here in 1586, occupied in 1895 by the British, who built the present … Attock is a place of great historic significance. Attock Khurd houses the historical Attock Fort built by Mughal King Akbar in 1581. Attock was won by Marathas led by Peshwas (Prime Ministers of Maratha rulers, based in Pune] between 1751 … Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognizing the strategic importance of this area in 1581 built his famous Attock Fort complex here. Attock was captured on 28 April 1758 by the Maratha Empire and became the northern boundary of the Maratha Empire. Attock fort was built at Attock Khurd during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. The long winding terrain leading up towards the main gate make this fort a nightmare to overpower. Between these, “one clear blue stream shot past.” The depth of the Indus here is thirty feet in the lowest state, and between sixty and seventy in the highest, and runs at the rate of six miles an hour. History of Attock Fort It was built by Akbar the Mughal (in 1583) at the North-Western Tip of his kingdom. These boat people were brought in by Akbar himself to man the waterways. There is a ford at some distance above the confluence of the river of Khabool; but the extreme coldness and rapidity of the water render it at all times very dangerous, and on the slightest inundation quite impracticable. There are ramps to move elephants and big guns up the ramparts. The city was established near Attock fort. Attock Fort - Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. Attockfort was built at Attock Khurdduring the reign of Akbar the Greatfrom 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafito protect the passage of the Indus. The bridge is supported by an association of boatmen, who receive the revenue of a village allotted for this purpose by the Emperor Akbar, and a small daily pay as long as the bridge stands, and also levy a toll on all passengers. Pakhtunistan region includes northern parts of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort, which is almost on the Grand Trunk (GT) Road, was also built during this period. The metal bridge was a replacement for the boat bridge hooked up by the boat people of Ganges. Akbar the Great built Attock Fort from 1581 - 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. Attock Khurd, located in Attock district of Punjab, houses the historical Attock Fort built by the Mughal King Akbar in 1581. Various small Pashtun Diaspora communities are in Australia, Europe, the Arabian Peninsu… Today it is sandwiched between Peshawar Road on one side and the River Indus on the other. Attock Fort. The builder of Attock Fort is the Kashmiri Khwaja Shamsuddin wrote a eulogy for Akbar that is still visible at the Mori Gate. This is the current image of the Attock Fort. They were guaranteed levy at the crossing. The Mughal Emperor Akbar built the grand Attock Fort in 1518 AD.Mediaperson injured in attack: A media person was wounded when armed men attacked him on the Bara Road Monday night. The fort is not open to general public and that is a real downer. Here starts the history of the magnificent Attock Fort, which is still located at the banks of the squeezed Indus River, all in old pictures. Akbar the Great built Attock Fort from 1581 – 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. Furthermore, the eight bastions on the corner of this parallelogram are all reinforced with extra brick and mortar, and covered overhead against canon fire. It is sandwiched between Peshawar Road on one side and the River Indus on the other. The river itself is at this place frequently by the natives called Attock. This is very unusual for a fort in the Indus Valley. Attock Fort and River Indus - Punjab province, Pakistan. 1 Attock Fort (In Attock Khurd). The fort was a bulwark against further invasions from the West by impoverished Afghans. Today it is sandwiched between Peshawar Road on one side and the River Indus on the other. Some state that the name was given by the Emperor Akbar, because he here found much difficulty in crossing the river. So people can reach Attock city by bus or car. The antique Lahore Fort still holds undiscovered places inside its walls. It has a phansi Ghat or the Hangman’s platform over the river Indus. Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognized the strategic importance of this area in 1581 and built the famous Attock Fort Complex. However, we have managed to collect a sizable stash of lovely pictures from the inside that are fascinating. This stacks the legacy value sky high. All the surrounding walls are intact and are a meter and half thick. Attock (Attock Khurd) is a fort and small town in the Punjab Punjab, on the left or east bank of the Indus, 942 miles from the sea, and close below the place where it receives the water of the Kabul River, and first becomes navigable. The Rawat Fort in Rawalpindi was built in early 16th century by the Gakhars, a designated warrior clan raised by local tribes to defend the plateau of Potohar. Attock fort was built during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. Attock Fort is Not Allowed to be Viewed like the Jamrud Fort in Peshawar for general Public but it is a Historic landmark while Visiting Peshawar on GT Road ( Also Known as Sher Shah Suri Road ) that connect Afghanistan to Pakistan and then to india . The brother of then Peshwa Balaji Bajirao named Raghunathrao had won Attock. Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognized the strategic importance of this area in 1581 and built the famous Attock Fort Complex. The main mess outside the walls has a beautiful panoramic view of the confluence of Kabul, Sindh Rivers and the bridges that fly over the two-toned water. READ 10 Places Worth to Visit in Pakistan It is almost 500-year-old fort which was built to protect the passage of the River Indus and the Attock Fort played a vital role in Afghan-Sikh Wars during the Battle of Attock. Here is a bridge, formed usually of from twenty to thirty boats, across the stream, at a spot where it is 537 feet wide. Attock is a fort and small town in the Punjab Punjab, on the left or east bank of the Indus, 942 miles from the sea, and close below the place where it receives the water of the Kabul River, and first becomes navigable. Attock Fort is at a 2 hours drive from Islamabad and this is the Google maps pin of this Fort. For this purpose, he built the Attock Fort from 1581 to 1583 to guard the key route. This is the most comfortable and easiest way of travel. This Fort was built to protect the passage of River Indus in Mughal Period. The best historic parts of the fort were off limits to us as well. The Lahore Fort (Punjabi and Urdu: شاہی قلعہ ‎: Shahi Qila, or "Royal Fort") is a citadel in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. On the right bank, opposite Attock, is Khyrabad—a fort built, according to some, by the Emperor Akbar, according to others by Nadir Shah. Alexander the Great of Macedonia passed through it as did the first Mughal, Babar, and the various Afghan Sultans before him. Marathas couldn’t hold on to it for long and Ahmad Shah Durrani knocked some sense into them in 1761. Once again Attock became a battle ground between two contending powers. His condition was said to stable. The fort has four major ingress doors called Kabuli, Delhi, Mori and Lahori. Attock fort was built at Attock Khurd during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. The river was here repeatedly crossed by the British armies, during the late military operations in Afghanistan; and here, according to the general opinion, Alexander, subsequently Timur, the Tartar conqueror, and, still later, Nadir Shah, crossed; but there is much uncertainty on these points. The only Hindu Temples Attock fort has, lie outside the walls in a Attock Khurd town of boat people from Ganges. The fall of Mughal Empire in eighteenth century saw the rise of Sikhs in Punjab and Durrani Afghans to the West. The fortress is located at the northern end of walled city Lahore, and spreads over an area greater than 20 hectares. General Knowledge MCQs. After it was regularly managed by Sikhs and British rulers. Attock was won by Marathas led by Raghunathrao in 1758. I hope the government opens the site to public so that Pakistan can make some serious money from this Heritage wonder. Attock fort was constructed by? Beautiful River Indus will give you a breath taking view You will see a lot of Historical buildings and remains in this area. Attock Bus Stop is the main bus station for all buses and vans in Attock, and is located to the east of the city. Attock … It featured a prominent role in Afghan-Sikh Wars during the Battle of Attock. Attock Fort was built at Attock Khurd during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the River Indus. The name, signifying obstacle, is supposed to have been given to it under the presumption that no scrupulous Hindoo would proceed westward of it; but this strict principle, like many others of similar nature, is little acted on. Attock Fort. First time it was by the Marathas in 1758 from the Durrani Muslims of Afghanistan. It featured a prominent role in Afghan-Sikh Wars during the Battle of Attock. They would hang a convict at this platform that is jutting out over the raging river and throw the body over board — execution style. Attock became a battle ground between two contending powers. It takes 30 minutes from Hassanabdal and 1.5 hour from Jand to reach the city. The unique features of this Fort is that there are no non-Muslim religious sites inside the premises. Built during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 to protect the passage of … Its form is that of a parallelogram: it is 800 yards long and 400 wide. Date: circa 1920s Attock Fort and River Indus - … The rock forming the banks is of a dark-coloured slate, polished by the force of the stream, so as to shine like black marble. The population of the town, which is inclosed within the walls of the fort, is estimated at 2000. It also has several underground escape tunnels and chambers. History of Attock Fort near river Indus Pakistan in pictures, Mirri Fort and Hindu temple in Quetta, Baluchistan, Pakistan, The Sikh border post ‘Sangini Fort’ Kallar Syedan Pakistan, Trip to Mangla Dam and Ramkot fort in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan, Heritage Travel to Rohtas Fort (qila) Pakistan for history, 5 heritage places and temples to see in Attock Khurd Pakistan, Cascade Mountain Aluminium Hiking & Trekking Pole Stick. However, the highway network are very well established and some highways are still under development, Pakistan can be a famous tourist destination. Ahmad Shah Durrani recaptured Attock and halted the Maratha advance in the north … It is 800 yards by 400 yards in dimension. Attock Fort was built at Attock Khurd during the Era of Mughal King Akbar during 1581- 1583. The British tried to burrow a hole underneath the waters of Indus but couldn’t keep the water out and eventually built a metal bridge in 1883. A. Jahangeer B. Aurangzeb C. Akbar D. none of these. It is ruled by Nawab of Punjab until 1754 and then captured by Durrani Empire. This blog is an expression of our love for Pakistan and gratitude for the privileged life we live here. Not that I want to experience it. this Road was made by famous Pashtun General Sher Shah Suri in But the Attock Fort Attock was built 1581 to 1583 AD under the supervision of General … In summer, when the melting of the snows in the lofty mountains to the north raises the stream so that the bridge becomes endangered, it is withdrawn, and the communication is then effected by means of a ferry. Khawaja Shamsuddin was buried nearby in Hassanabdal, close to Punja sahib. I wish everyone could enjoy the heritage and history of Attock Fort in the pictures we posted. Attock Fort was built at Attock Khurd during the reign of Akbar the Great in 1583. Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. All our posts are heartfelt and real. The fall of Mughal Empire in eighteenth century saw the rise of Sikhs in … The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort, which is almost on the Grand Trunk (GT) Road, was also built during this period. General Knowledge Mcqs consists of World Geography, Atmosphere, Science & Literature, events Mcqs, Current Affairs Mcqs , Pakistan Affairs Mcqs and International Organizations. Another interesting historical trivia, courtesy ‘the land of five rivers by David Ross 1883’, is pasted below for you all :-. The fort on the Punjab side was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1581 to support his military campaigns in Afghanistan; the location continues to have great strategic importance even today. The fort was a bulwark against further invasions from the West by impoverished Afghans. Come and see the history of Attock fort, located at the bank of River Indus in Pakistan, all in pictures. That was replaced with a concrete bride by Pakistan in 1970. Jawahar Lal Nehru while crossing this site remarked that he felt like he was in central Asia. It’s no wonder that Attock fort was only run over twice in its 500 years history. This is what the Chinese traveler Hseng recorded in 631 AD when he crossed one tributary of Indus river , probably present day Jehangira, a few  miles north of Attock. This locality is, in a military and commercial point of view, of much importance, as the Indus is here crossed by the great route which, proceeding from Khabool eastward through the Khyber Pass into the Punjaub, forms the main line of communication between Afghanistan and Northern India. The Attock city is connected with surrounding cities by highway connections from six major directions. The basic structure was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1556-1605. Major Pakistan cities are connected to Attock by vans. Adding to the Attock fort’s history is the fact that it now in use of Pakistan’s elite Special Services Group (SSG). The bridge over the Indus River at Attock is the gateway to the North-West Frontier from the Punjab. Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognizing the strategic importance of this area in 1581 built his famous Attock Fort … The fortress was erected by the Emperor Akbar, in 1581 to command the passage; but, though strongly built of stone on the high and steep bank of the river, it could offer no effectual resistance to a regular attack, being commanded by the neighbouring heights. Emperor Akbar the Great, the grandson of Babar, recognized the strategic importance of this area in 1581 and built the famous Attock Fort Complex. Attock District is a place of great historic significance. Attock fort was built at Attock Khurd during the reign of Akbar the Great from 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. The great mathematician and grammarian, Panini was born here in 520 BC. Originally named Cambellpur after the founder of the modern town, Sir Colin Campbell. A considerable percentage of the Pashtuns can be found in Pakhtunistan area, situated in the western side of Indus River in Pakistan and southern parts of River Amu in Afghanistan. However, centuries later, the fort and the area would fall under Afghan rule … The "Old Attock Bridge" over the river is one of the most strategic and commercial crossings on the Indus river between Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces. [nggallery id=6] Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi built Attock Fort from 1581 - 1583 under the supervision of King Akbar to protect the passage of the Indus.In 1813, the Sikh Empire wrested Attock , however as a result of the First Anglo-Sikh war (1845–1846) it went to the British who developed a new city just about 15 miles east to the original location The fall of Mughal Empire in eighteenth century saw the rise of Sikhs in Punjab and Durrani Afghans to the west. The city station has two platforms. Sentry posts on the walls and officer’s quarters are still livable. The banks of the river are very high, so that the enormous accession which the volume of water receives during inundation scarcely affects the breadth, but merely increases the depth. Three decades after that British lost patience with their ally Ranjit Singh and took possession themselves in 1848. ‘Attock’ is derived from the Urdu word that means ‘go-slow layover’. There was another fort build by Akbar at the opposite end of Attock, called the Kharabad fort, which has long been demolished. Bahram Ki Baradari is another Mughal-era monument situated on the southern side of G T Road near Attock Khurd. Ancient History of Attock Fort Attock town was established at the Indus River crossing point between Punjab and Afghan-Pashtoon Frontier. This is an old pic by a British missionary before the Afghan expedition. Akbar the Great built Attock Fort from 1581 - 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the Indus. No wonder he got the contract. 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