There are several sets of circumstances under which the court may order a stay. JUDGMENT . A stay of execution is usually applied in situations where there is an appeal pending against the judgment, or there are some special circumstances which require the status quo to be maintained. Those sections explain stays of enforcement and appeal bonds. The Court of Appeal sitting in Abuja will today hear the motion for stay of execution filled by the embattled Governor of Abia State Dr Okezie Ikpeazu against the judgment of Justice Okon Abang of FHC Abuja which ordered that he should vacate office as Governor. (a) Stay in civil cases. The word "execution" does not necessarily mean the death penalty (although it can); it refers to the imposition of whatever judgment is being stayed. Specifically, Rule 62(d) addresses stays of money judgments. separate provisions for obtaining stays pending appeal for money judgments and for judgments that are equitable in nature. Of note is that the judgment which is being appealed against was delivered on 11 June 2014. Co. v. City of Englewood, 667 P.2d 1358 (Colo. 1983). In Phostech v Valence 2011 FCA 107 Pelletier JA granted a stay pending appeal of the judgment of Gauthier J in 2011 FC 174. In the exercise of its discretion, the Court will G weigh considerations such as the balance of convenience and the competing rights of the parties before it: Attorney-General v Emerson (1889) 24 QBD. Secondly, although courts approaching applications for a stay will not generally speculate about the appellant’s prospects of success, given that argument concerning the substance of the appeal is typically and necessarily E attenuated, this does not prevent them considering the specific terms of a stay that will be appropriate fairly to adjust the interest of the parties, from making some preliminary assessment about whether the appellant has an arguable case. Suppose that you are appealing a judgment that will injure your client while the appeal is pending. This consideration is protective of the position of a judgment creditor where it may be plain that an appeal, which does not require leave, has been lodged without any real prospect of success and simply in the hope of gaining a respite against immediate execution upon the judgment. The plaintiff, who, it appears, was a pensioner without assets, was in no position to repay the amount without delay or difficulty if the appeal succeeded. Staying a Judgment While an Appeal is Pending In civil cases, an important consideration before starting the appellate process is determining whether you can obtain a stay of execution of the judgment while the appeal is pending. As the case comes up, attached is the Principles guiding the grant of such a stay of execution pending appeal. Odd Fellows Bldg. The Appeal 3. This article outlines the procedures for seeking a stay of enforcement of various types of judgments pending an appeal. 1 4 days prior to the date of the hearing of the eviction application. Stays of Execution of Judgments & Appeals Filing an appeal does not automatically stay enforcement of judgment the judgment in the court making the decision which is being appealed (as well as the court that made the decision which is … (A) A supersedeas bond is a bond filed in the superior court, as provided by this Rule and by applicable statutes, which stays enforcement of, or execution on, a judgment so that an appeal may be pursued. The appellant is therefore entitled to restitution with interest in accordance with the principles stated in TCN Channel 9 Pty Ltd v Antoniadis [No 2] (1999) 48 NSLWR 381. 140, 214 F.2d 242 (1954). CPR 52.7 provides: “Unless — (a) the appeal court … orders otherwise … In short, CPR 52.7 provides that unless the appeal court or the lower court orders otherwise an appeal does not operate as a stay of execution of the orders of the lower court. This case arose out of a written agreement made between the parties (and one Ms. Sharon 12. It was never suggested that the opponent ran any risk of losing the benefit of her judgments by being prevented from enforcing them pending the appeal. It requires proof of circumstances such as insolvency or attempts to escape, abscond or evade a just debt. Summons No 4417 of 2018 for a stay of execution pending INTL’s appeal to the Court of Appeal against my decision granting the summary judgment. The mere filing of an appeal will not, of itself, provide a reason or demonstrate an appropriate case, nor will it discharge the onus which the applicant bears: see Supreme Court Rules, Pt 51, r 10; Waller v Todorovic. Under CPR 52.7, when a defendant appeals a judgment, this does not automatically mean that a stay of execution is granted and they will have to ask the court to grant the stay. The first is that where there is a risk that the appeal will prove abortive if the appellant succeeds and a stay is not granted, courts will normally exercise their discretion in favour of granting a stay: Scarborough v Lew’s Junction Stores Pty Ltd (at 130); D applied in Sun Alliance Insurance Ltd v Steiger (Full Court, Supreme Court of Victoria, 22 March, 1985, unreported). This Court regularly stays execution on judgments pending an appeal where there is a risk that the plaintiff will be unable to repay the money without difficulty or delay if the appeal were to succeed. While an appeal is pending from an interlocutory order or final judgment that grants, continues, modifies, refuses, dissolves, or refuses to dissolve or modify an injunction, the court may suspend, modify, restore, or grant an injunction on terms for bond or other terms that secure the opposing party's rights. You are therefore consider- ing whether to ask the appellate court to stay the judgment until it rules on the merits of your appeal. She was protected from the purely financial consequences of any delay by the accrual of interest on the judgments in the meantime. The applicant Gashumba Maniraguha brought this application for an order staying the execution of the judgment of the Court of Appeal in Civil Appeal No.23 of 2005 until the determination of his appeal to this court. You can unsubscribe at any point by clicking on the "unsubscribe" link in the email. In all probability the amount received was appropriated by her lawyers in payment of their costs without significant personal benefit to the plaintiff. If confronted with similar circumstances, ­in-house ­counsel will quickly realize just how crucial this issue can be. M. any lawyers may not be aware . Stay of judgment pending appeal. §1651. Can a stay of execution prevent a winding-up proceeding? Read and be Enlightened as I … He also prayed that the costs of the application be provided for. Something went wrong. Our strategy for the return to full enforcement of cases post-lockdown. The filing of a supersedeas bond is a prerequisite for obtaining an order staying execution of judgment pending appeal under paragraph (d) of this section. She was protected from the purely financial consequences of any delay by the accrual of interest on the judgments in the meantime. A stay of execution will stop the enforcement process. of Col. v. Capital Transit Co., 94 U.S.App.D.C. For example, the trial court may have entered an injunction that requires an immediate and costly change in your client’s conduct. This website uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. The filing of an appeal from a civil judgment awarding money does not automatically stop or “stay” enforcement of the judgment. Rule 7 - Stay of Proceedings to Enforce a Judgment (a) Supersedeas Bonds and Other Security. We can only express regret that a stay of execution was not granted in this case pending the hearing of the appeal. The order is of course subject to variation or discharge by the full Court, pursuant to Rule 64.18(2). How to Stop Collection of a Judgment While You Appeal: Obtaining a Stay Pending Appeal. Eastern Greyhound Lines v. Fusco, 310 F.2d 632 (6th Cir., 1962); United States v. Lynd, 301 F.2d 818 (5th Cir., 1962); Public Utilities Commission of Dist. Thus, where it is apparent that unless a stay is granted an appeal will be rendered nugatory, this will be a substantial factor in favour of the grant of a stay: Wilson v Church (No 2) (1879) 12 Ch D 454; Re Middle Harbour Investments Ltd (In Liq) (at 2). They rely in their heads of argument purely on the suspensive effect of the application for leave, and the authorities on which they rely deal only with the effect of an application for leave. While the power of a court of appeals to stay proceedings in the district court during the pendency of an appeal is not explicitly conferred by statute, it exists by virtue of the all writs statute, 28 U.S.C. It is similar to an injunction . SELTSAM PTY LIMITED v ROBERT ALBAN McNEILL  [2006] NSWCA 158, 7 The Court was informed at the conclusion of the argument that the appellant had paid the judgment (T 76). The onus is upon the applicant to demonstrate a proper basis for a stay that will be fair to all parties: Trlin. 3 This was not a case where liability was conceded, or would not be in issue on appeal. Please check your entries and try again. 1 HANDLEY JA: I agree with Hodgson JA but wish to add some supplementary remarks of my own. Liability limited by a scheme approved under professional stanards legislation. See Alexander v Cambridge Credit Corporation Ltd (1985) 2 NSWLR 685, 692. The court needs to balance the risks of injustice which may be occasioned by the grant or refusal of a stay. Money judgments may only be stayed pending appeal by filing an appropriate bond. The plaintiff’s solicitor deposed that the plaintiff was unable to repay the money: see Antoniadis (at [12]). Once the stay has been lifted, the legal proceedings continue. ‘Where an appeal has been noted or an application for leave to appeal against or to rescind, correct, review or vary an order of court has been made, the operation and execution of the order in question shall be suspended, pending the decision of such appeal or application, unless the court which gave such order, on the application of a party, otherwise directs’ (my italics). They emphasised that the Plaintiffs were not residents of Singapore, and I dismissed the stay application on 15 October 2018 and set out my reasons below. (d) Injunction Pending an Appeal. For example, let’s say that in Smith v. Jones, plaintiff Smith has won a judgment of $100,000 against Two further principles can be mentioned. Further, the Defendants applied for a stay of execution of the judgment pending the determination of their appeal. In that case a defendant which had succeeded on appeal sought restitution of the judgment it had paid over, there having been no application for a stay. A condition requiring part payment may properly be imposed in cases of that nature where the appeal will relate only to questions of quantum or apportionment. By continuing to use this website, you consent to our cookie policy. Lockhart Shire Council v. King [2005] NSWCA 236. A district court, however, has discretion to waive the bond requirement. The obvious risk of injustice if the stay is refused is that the appeal may be stifled. Please click the subscribe button and we will send you our monthly newsletter, plus details of our eBooks, webinars and events. This is not a case where it is, in my judgment, appropriate to grant a stay and I decline to do so. The orders of stay of execution sought are intended to safe guard the Applicants’ right of appeal and not to render the same nugatory if the order of stay is not granted. RELATED POSTS. Bankruptcy was not Gawker's first ­option; it unsuccessfully tried to stay execution of the judgment pending appeal. There is no indication from the papers before me whether leave was sought and granted to file an appeal out of time. 4 The appellant was not bound to submit to the condition requiring part payment imposed by the trial judge. And the Supreme Court has termed the power “inherent” (In re McKenzie, 180 … Alexander v Cambridge Credit (1985) 2 NSWLR 685 @ 694F-695G: There are other principles to be kept in mind. The Defendants appealed against the SICC decision. A stay of execution is usually applied in situations where there is an appeal pending against the judgment, or there are some special circumstances which require the status quo to be maintained. The defendant sought a stay pending appeal. This is to allow enforcement to proceed on the principle that the creditor is entitled to the “fruits of the judgment”. & Inv. Please visit this page for more information about what to do if you have received a notice of enforcement or are currently in a payment arrangement. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Subdivision (a). The grant of a stay is discretionary. 2 In my opinion the trial judge should not have required the appellant to pay part of the judgment as a condition of the stay of execution she granted. This was made clear by TCN Channel 9 Pty Ltd v Antoniadis (No 2) (1999) 48 NSWLR 381. That the applicant is unable from any cause to pay the money, then. 5 When the trial judge imposed this condition the appellant should have applied to this Court for an unconditional stay which, on the facts known to the Court, would have been granted. It provides that such a stay may be obtained as a matter of right, provided a supersedeas bond is posted. The Defendants submitted that there was a genuine risk that they would be unable to recover monies from the Plaintiffs if they succeeded on appeal. In short, this means that the party that was awarded a money judgment can generally take action to collect on the judgment while the appeal is pending. It was never suggested that the opponent ran any risk of losing the benefit of her judgments by being prevented from enforcing them pending the appeal. [23] That principle that the Court tends in favour of granting a stay where there is a risk that the appeal will prove abortive if the applicant succeeds and a stay is not granted is highlighted in cases such as Antoniadis. A stay of execution is a court order to temporarily suspend the execution of a court judgment or other court order. Appeals: stay of execution and conditions imposed by appellate court: the relevant principles; THE JUDGMENT. Because liability was in issue, and the prospects of restitution if the appeal succeeded would be doubtful, this Court would almost certainly have granted a stay of execution pending the appeal in accordance with the principles stated in Antoniadis [No, SUPREME COURT OF NEW SOUTH WALES COURT OF APPEAL, application for stay of judgment pending appeal – principles for grant of stay – whether serious question to be tried – where no legal error alleged in judgment below – where proceedings below involved significant credit issues – where applicant unable to identify anything tending to show trial judge’s findings contrary to incontrovertibly established facts or uncontested testimony or that trial judge failed to use or palpably misused his advantage or that finding glaringly improbable or contrary to compelling inferences – balance of convenience – whether respondents would be unable to repay the judgment if appeal were to proceed and succeed – whether denial of stay would stifle appeal – where respondents have served applicant with bankruptcy notice – where applicant has costs order against him in favour of the respondents arising from cross-claim in proceedings below – where respondents have applied for assessment of costs of cross-claim – where reasonable to infer that applicant will seek review of cost assessment – where no material before Court to make out basis for concluding that such application would be concluded before hearing of appeal. Look at Code of Civil Procedure section 916 and those that follow. If the defendant claims that they cannot afford to make an appeal if they have to pay the judgment first, the court may grant a … We can only express regret that a stay of execution was not granted in this case pending the hearing of the appeal. Except as otherwise provided in these rules, the taking of an appeal from a judgment shall stay execution upon the judgment during the pendency of the appeal. The plaintiffs’ case is that, because there was (and is) an application for leave to appeal pending, the warrant of execution was unlawful. The Respondent shall not be prejudiced on issuance of the order of stay of execution and that the application has been brought without any delay. (1) Generally; Exceptions. for leave to stay the execution of judgment pending the outcome of his noted appeal; and consequently he bears the onus to convince the court to exercise its judicial discretion in his favour. Execution pending appeal is an extraordinary remedy allowed only when there are reasons to believe that the judgment debtor will not be able to satisfy the judgment debt if the appeals process will still have to be awaited. Please read our, Eviction under common law/unlawful occupation, When there is an appeal pending against the judgment, When there are special circumstances making it inexpedient to enforce a writ of control or the applicant is unable to pay, Where matters have occurred since the date of judgment, That there are special circumstances which render it inexpedient to enforce the judgment or order; or. It was in those circumstances that the Court admonished the profession that: [24] The applicant on the present motion wisely seeks to avoid the Antoniadis outcome — which included an order that the defendant, which was successful on its claim for restitution, pay the costs of the application, its conduct in failing to seek an order for repayment at the hearing of the appeal having made the restitution application necessary: Antoniadis (at [20]). Adherence to this principle would have prevented the present embarrassing situation where the Court has enforced interim payment to the plaintiff but repayment cannot or will not be made without further litigation in the Federal Court with a risk that the opponent will be made bankrupt without the claimant recovering its money. Under SCR Pt 51 r 15 this Court has original jurisdiction or power, which it can exercise at its own discretion, to grant or refuse a stay and it is not confined to reviewing a discretionary order of the trial judge in the exercise, by leave, of its appellate jurisdiction. The trial court may issue a stay either before or after a notice of appeal is filed. Stay of execution of judgment pending appeal, Vosebe Pty Ltd Trading As Batemans Bay Window and Glass v Bakavgas [2008] NSWCA 55, Workers Compensation Act 1987 (NSW) – s 151Z(1)(d), Where there is a risk that if a stay is granted, the assets of the applicant will be disposed of, the Court may, in the exercise of its discretion, refuse to grant a stay: cf. Can a stay of execution prevent a winding-up proceeding? It would have been prudent for first applicant to obtain an order from the court staying the execution of the judgment. The rule in this country is that a civil judgment is not stayed by the lodging of an appeal and unless an application is made for stay of execution, the judgment creditor would be entitled to payment and the judgment debtor obliged to effect the same. No appeal is "easily" successful; only about 20% of appeals are successful. The Court has a discretion whether or not to grant the stay and, if so, as to the terms that would be fair. The power of a district court to grant a stay of judgment pending appeal terminates when the court of appeals issues its mandate, so only a judge of the court of appeals or a Justice of the Supreme Court can stay the execution or enforcement of the court of appeals’ judgment. to order a stay of execution on any judgment or order against which an appeal has been made, pending the determination of the appeal. This Court … (1) Stay of judgment or order. that taking an appeal does not automatically stay enforcement of a judgment pending the ap-peal. If, after judgment in an action, the court orders that the proceedings be stayed during the period within which an appeal may be brought, and an appeal has been brought and security is given to the satisfaction of the Registrar for the judgment and costs, the stay continues until the appeal is disposed of or until the court or Supreme Court otherwise orders: s 128(1) and (2). Except when an undertaking is required under Rule 6(a), upon filing a notice of appeal from a judgment or order the appellant may apply to the municipal court on notice or ex parte for a stay of the execution of the judgment or order. Where, in the present case, Rogers J specifically contemplated in his judgment that an appeal would be lodged; where commentators on the judgment predicted a certain appeal (see eg R Baxt, Comment (1985) 13 ABLR 154 at 160); where the size of the verdict and the novelty of the issues raised suggested the likelihood of an appeal; and where it is properly conceded by the claimant that the appeal is arguable, no question arises relevant to the stay or to the terms upon which it should be granted, that the appeal has been filed simply G to gain time for the opponents. For instance, where a district court’s decision is reversed and remanded for the award of appropriate relief, the judgment sought to be … For a stay of execution of judgment pending appeal of enforcement and appeal bonds ) Supersedeas bonds and other.... Appropriated by her lawyers in payment of their appeal Enforce a judgment pending the hearing of the.... 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