Theirs is the duty, assigned to them by a special vocation, under the direction of their Bishops and in filial obedience to the Vicar of Christ on earth, of keeping alight in the world the torch of Faith, and of filling the hearts of the Faithful with that supernatural trust which has aided the Church to fight and win so many other battles in the name of Christ: "This is the victory which overcometh the world, our Faith."[40]. The wisdom and supreme utility of this doctrine are admitted by all who really understand it. There is a divine regenerating force in this "new precept" (as Christ called it) of Christian charity. He welcomes all attempts to alleviate these cross differences. From this it follows that a "charity" which deprives the workingman of the salary to which he has a strict title in justice, is not charity at all, but only its empty name and hollow semblance. Still more important as a remedy for the evil we are considering, or certainly more directly calculated to cure it, is the precept of charity. Such, Venerable Brethren, is the new gospel which bolshevistic and atheistic Communism offers the world as the glad tidings of deliverance and salvation! Its foremost duty is to foster in various attractive ways an ever better understanding of social doctrine. Encycl. We bid you be mindful of your responsibility. It will not interfere with the practice of religion. He wants moderate socialism to distance itself from totalitarian communism as a practical matter and also on principle, in light of the dignity of the human person. Then, insisting anew on the age-old doctrine of the Church concerning the individual and social character of private property, We explained clearly the right and dignity of labor, the relations of mutual aid and collaboration which should exist between those who possess capital and those who work, the salary due in strict justice to the worker for himself and for his family. Nor can society systematically void these rights by making their use impossible. God alone is his last end, in this life and the next. Thus even in the sphere of social-economics, although the Church has never proposed a definite technical system, since this is not her field, she has nevertheless clearly outlined the guiding principles which, while susceptible of varied concrete applications according to the diversified conditions of times and places and peoples, indicate the safe way of securing the happy progress of society. May 8, 1928: A.A.S., Vol. XXV (1933), pp. The explanation lies in the fact that too few have been able to grasp the nature of Communism. The minds of men must be illuminated with the sure light of Catholic teaching, and their wills must be drawn to follow and apply it as the norm of right living in the conscientious fulfillment of their manifold social duties. Unlike Leo XIII, who addressed the condition of workers, Pius XI discusses the ethical implications of the social and economic order. 421424. 62. State functionaries and all employees are obliged in conscience to perform their duties faithfully and unselfishly, imitating the brilliant example of distinguished men of the past and of our own day, who with unremitting labor sacrificed their all for the good of their country. . Not bloody revolution, but the inner force of her teaching made the proud Roman matron see in her slave a sister in Christ. These goods should be sufficient to supply all necessities and reasonable comforts, and to uplift men to that higher standard of life which, provided it be used with prudence, is not only not a hindrance but is of singular help to virtue."[37]. Society, on the other hand, cannot defraud man of his God-granted rights, the most important of which We have indicated above. For there are some who, while exteriorly faithful to the practice of their religion, yet in the field of labor and industry, in the professions, trade and business, permit a deplorable cleavage in their conscience, and live a life too little in conformity with the clear principles of justice and Christian charity. Quadragesimo Anno has been seen by some as proposing an alternative to capitalism. Hence they endeavor to sharpen the antagonisms which arise between the various classes of society. The enslavement of man despoiled of his rights, the denial of the transcendental origin of the State and its authority, the horrible abuse of public power in the service of a collectivistic terrorism, are the very contrary of all that corresponds with natural ethics and the will of the Creator. The promise of a Redeemer brightens the first page of the history of mankind, and the confident hope aroused by this promise softened the keen regret for a paradise which had been lost. This is the more imperative since, while this mission has in view man's happiness in heaven, it cannot but promote his true felicity in time. The Apostle teaches that "he that loveth his neighbor hath fulfilled the law" and he gives the reason: "For, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal . Today people are much less interdependent than in ancient times and become egoistic or class-conscious in order to recover some freedom for themselves. This modern revolution, it may be said, has actually broken out or threatens everywhere, and it exceeds in amplitude and violence anything yet experienced in the preceding persecutions launched against the Church. They have been given, perhaps as a reward for their often heroic fidelity in these trying days, a noble and an arduous mission. The Church can be credited with participating in the progress made and contributing to it. 11. Syllabus, IV, (A.S.S., vol. In 1924 when Our relief-mission returned from the Soviet Union We condemned Communism in a special Allocution which We addressed to the whole world. It would seem more accurate to see the encyclical as establishing fundamental principles of social morality and concluding on the basis of these principles that we cannot accept socialism in any form or capitalism both in its basic ideological principle and it its actual historical development. And thus, while he is preparing his own ruin, he is exposing to ridicule the very name of Christian. In addition to this individual apostolate which, however useful and efficacious, often goes unheralded, Catholic Action must organize propaganda on a large scale to disseminate knowledge of the fundamental principles on which, according to the Pontifical documents, a Christian .Social Order must build. It will respect liberty of conscience. In such a doctrine, as is evident, there is no room for the idea of God; there is no difference between matter and spirit, between soul and body; there is neither survival of the soul after death nor any hope in a future life. Thus the class struggle with its consequent violent hate and destruction takes on the aspects of a crusade for the progress of humanity. Let it suffice to refer to the Encyclicals of Leo XIII already cited, especially to that on State powers,[15] and to the other on the Christian Constitution of States. Ethical considerations include the nature of private property[2] concerning which, within the Catholic Church, several conflicting views had developed. In a further sense, it is society which affords the opportunities for the development of all the individual and social gifts bestowed on human nature. It developed a new social conscience. Therefore We believe it to be Our duty to raise Our voice once more, in a still more solemn missive, in accord with the tradition of this Apostolic See, the Teacher of Truth, and in accord with the desire of the whole Catholic world, which makes the appearance of such a document but natural. With paternal affection We exhort these valuable organizations also tO dedicate themselves to the great mission of which We have been treating, a cause which today transcends all others in vital importance. It may be said in all truth that the Church, like Christ, goes through the centuries doing good to all. If the priest will not go to the workingman and to the poor, to warn them or to disabuse them of prejudice and false theory, they will become an easy prey for the apostles of Communism . [8], 117 "Whether considered as a doctrine, or an historical fact, or a movement, Socialism, if it remains truly Socialism, even after it has yielded to truth and justice on the points which we have mentioned, cannot be reconciled with the teachings of the Catholic Church because its concept of society itself is utterly foreign to Christian truth. Communism is intrinsically wrong, and no one who would save Christian civilization may collaborate with it in any undertaking whatsoever. . What would be the condition of a human society based on such materialistic tenets? Those who make a practice of spreading dissension among Catholics assume a terrible responsibility before God and the Church. May 15, 1931: A.A.S., Vol. 43. Unlike Leo XIII, who addressed the condition of workers, Pius XI discusses the ethical implications of the social and economic order. May 3, 1932: A.A.S., Vol. 49. XXIV (1932), pp. It is now time, Venerable Brethren, to contrast with it the true notion, already familiar to you, of the civitas humana or human society, as taught by reason and Revelation through the mouth of the Church, Magistra Gentium. At the same time the State must allow the Church full liberty to fulfill her divine and spiritual mission, and this in itself will be an effectual contribution to the rescue of nations from the dread torment of the present hour. But on final analysis, even in this latter function, society is made for man, that he may recognize this reflection of God's perfection, and refer it in praise and adoration to the Creator. Pope Pius XI issued his encyclical exactly forty years after Rerum novarum. But "unless the Lord keep the city, he watcheth in vain that keepeth it. . 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