1. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish between a present participle and a gerund, since gerunds can also be used as adjectives. on: function(evt, cb) { In the case of gerunds, state what function they serve in the sentence. Because all English "gerunds" and all English "present participles" have exactly the same form, namely VERB+ing, and because the space of constructions where these forms appear is large and not obviously subject to binary division, my few attempts as a schoolboy to distinguish the two in English were mostly random guesses. Learning a language well is not easy. The gerund and the present participle have identical forms. The easiest way to tell the difference between the gerund and the present participle is to look for the helping verb “be”. Gerunds VS Present Participle Apa kabar teman-teman?Semoga semua dalam keadaan sehat, aamiin .Saat ini kita akan membahas tentang gerunds dan present participle. A participle is a verb that ends in -ing (present participle) or -ed, -d, -t, -en, -n (past participle). callback: cb A participle, on the other hand, functions like an adjective. forms: { 3. The way to tell is to know that the gerund acts as a noun and not as an adjective. So: if the subject can be in the genitive, then what we have is a gerund. When you use the present participle in a clause, it is important to recognize when it is, in fact, the gerund. Gerund ও Present participle দুটোই ing যুক্ত হওয়ায় চিনতে আমাদের অনেকটা কষ্ট হয়ে যায়। অনেকে এই … (for more information on the present participle see participles) Conjugating Spanish Present Participles Do vs. Be: Are You Confused? Most people do. Definition. Previous Page Print Page. Show Answer. • Both are made by adding ing to verbs. • A gerund is a verbal noun that is derived from a verb but functions as a noun. Present Participle; Penggunaan present participle sebagai adjective dapat dilihat pada noun phrase dan reduced adjective clause (active voice). Gerund vs Present Participle চেনার ৫ টি সহজ উপায়. They are both formed from verbs and end in –ing. The Spanish gerunds are used much less than the "-ing" verbs of English, however. } A participle and a gerund might also take the form of phrases. When snowboarding is a present participle, it is part of a continuous verb tense. Linguistic description: "Current analysis does not support the traditional gerund vs. participle distinction.Instead, it is analyzed as one form -ing that functions in multiple ways." Gerund sendiri bisa berbentuk subject, object dan juga Complement atau pelengkap.. Sebagai Subject. The motorcyclist was fatally injured in the accident and is now fighting for his life. The -ing form is a gerund, if and only if, it is used as a noun. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. Participles and gerunds are both formed from a verb with the suffix -ing. If you find a form of “be” followed by the -ing form, that’s the present participle. A gerund is a present participle (verb + ing) which works as a noun in a sentence. We know this because "swimming … The gerund in English: the verb used as a noun The gerund in English has the form of the present participle in - ing. If the verbal is a participle, write the noun that it is modifying. Present participles function in sentences as adjectives or adverbs, and they end in -ing . } A gerund functions like a noun. } Now YOU try: Look at the sentences below. Participles in phrases act as modifiers, while gerunds in phrases function as subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions. Infinitive or Present Participle. However, they have different uses. For example, in the phrase " swimming pool" the word " swimming " is a gerund used as an adjective. Modifier yang menyertainya pun berbeda macamnya. • Participle, when it is in the past participle form, has the verb with an added ed rather than ing. Gerund dan Present Participle (-ing Form) Gerund dan present participle sama-sama merupakan -ing form — dibentuk dari bare infinitive (bentuk dasar dari verb) dan suffix -ing.Walaupun memiliki bentuk yang sama, gerund dan present participle memiliki perbedaan penggunaan di dalam kalimat. (function() { Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to receive updates. Comparing Gerunds and Participles Look at the pair of sentences below. However, each has a different function. Reading books is one of my hobbies ( Membaca … It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: Function. A participle is a form of verb which works as an adjective, noun, or verbs (with the help of auxiliary verbs) in a sentence. When -ing forms are used as verbs, adjectives or adverbs, they are called present participles. event : evt, The other tricky situation involves a gerund or present participle modifying a noun. 2. Example sentence. In all other cases (when forming progressive tenses or when used as an adjective, the -ing form is a (present) participle. How Do I Use Slang, Idioms, & Other Tricky Words. noun + gerund Ex: child-rearing (nuôi dạy con), child-bearing (việc sinh con) II. A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective. Present participle (Hiện tại phân từ) 1. Subject. In French, the present participle of a verb (the ‐ing form) may be used with the preposition en (while, on, upon, by, in, when) to form a gerund (a noun that, in English, ends in ‐ing).When used without en, the present participle may act as an adjective and is also used to express the ‐ing form of the verb in English. When the ing form is used as the subject or object of a verb or preposition, it is a gerund. The dancing parrots entertained the crowd. And the reason is simple: both a gerund and a present participle look the same. All rights reserved. Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in –ing. It … Decide whether the underlined –ing word is acting like a noun, part of a verb, or an adjective. The word exciting is a present participle used as an adjective to modify a noun or to follow the verb to be. Do you, sometimes, get confused between a gerund and a present participle? Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb- ing ), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. For example: Playing soccer is a lot of fun! Participle: Gerund: 1. One last important note about the gerund before we move on to the present participle: in Italian (unlike English) it can never be a subject or direct object. A gerund is notthe same as a (present) participle, although they maylook the same because they are not usedin the same way. Now consider your sentence: })(); Get FREE advice & English help from PELA teachers, Undergraduate & Graduate School Partnerships. For this, Italian uses the infinitive. For example: They’ve have been working for four hours. However, each has a different function. The sentence means: If hunting is a gerund, lions is its object and the sentence means: For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar, Grammaring – A guide to English grammar | Copyright © 2009-2020, Non-finite verb forms (infinitives, gerunds and participles), Revision questions: non-finite verb forms. The Spanish verb form equivalent to "-ing" verbs in English is known as the present participle or gerund. gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". Advertisements But here there is no difference at all in the internal form of the constructions. A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective. What is the difference between “so” and “so that”? 2. Gerund and present participle are not exactly the same. { Pada noun phrase, noun yang bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai dengan present participle. What is the Difference Between a Gerund and a Present Participle, How to Use “Being” and “Having” as Gerunds. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. It can do everything that a noun does. Gerund adalah bentuk Verb ( kata kerja ) dalam bahasa inggris yang ditambah dengan Verb -ing sehingga membentuk Noun ( kata benda ) dalam bahasa inggris. Singing is my hobby. When the ing form is used to form the continuous tense forms or when it is used to modify a noun, it is a present participle. What is the difference between a gerund and a present participle? For example, “credit” is a noun, even in the compound noun “credit card.” So let’s take an example like “skiing vacation.” It is the most common form of the verb used as a noun, and can be the subject (examples 1 to 7), or the object of a sentence (8 & 9), or follow prepositions (10 to 13). Misalnya cooking, swimming, singing, dancing.Bila kita amati, gerund ini mirip sekali dengan present participle. Present Participle vs. Gerund The difference between A and B is that the present participle modifies a noun, whereas the gerund expresses something related to a verb. ); Gerund and present participle difference. (Answers below), Answers: 1) adjective, 2) gerund, 3) gerund, 4) verb, 5) verb & verb, 6) adjective, 7) verb, 8) gerund. Watch out for the gerund vs participle phrase. This distinction is immediately apparent in the following examples: J'ai vu Luc sortant de l'école. Gerunds adalah kata kerja (verb) yang ditambah dengan ing (Verb + ing) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). verbal_ability_gerunds_infinitives_participles.htm. It can be a subject, an object, the object of a preposition, or a subject complement. You are probably familiar with the gerund when it is used to express a favorite activity, a preference, or a dislike. State whether the –ing forms given in the following sentences are participles or gerunds. Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in –ing. If the -ing form begins the sentence, or follows a verb or preposition, that’s the gerund. Hearing a loud noise, we ran to the window. If the verbal is a gerund, write its function (subject, direct object, appositive, object of preposition, subjective complement). (Italian uses infinitive.) It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: The present participle has the following functions: Sometimes it is a matter of interpretation whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle: Hunting as a present participle functions as an adjective and describes lions. Trong câu vd này, fishing vừa đóng vai trò là chủ ngữ, đồng thời là một danh từ. Both a gerund and a present participle are a progressive form of a verb (V1+ing) that function differently. Relation. I am watching a movie. Next Page . In the first, the use of a gerund (functioning as a noun) allows the meaning to be expressed more precisely than in the second. Chức năng: - Dùng trong các thì tiếp diễn: be + Present participle (V-ing) Ex: It is raining now. Penjelasan Perbedaan Gerund VS Present Participle Beserta Contoh GERUND. Do You Need Help? It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place. Note that a present participle can refer to the present, past or future. Many experienced, as well as authors who have been using working with Enligh subject, also gets confused with the usage of gerunds and present participle. In the case of participles, name the noun or pronoun they qualify. Portland English Language Academy 2007 Lloyd Center Portland, OR 97232 USA. Example: snowboarding —Huddleston 3 §1.5 See Gerund-Participle Merge in Grammar Notes.. ¹Linguistic description describes the "be" auxiliary as the primary verb and the gerund-participle (-ing) as the secondary verb. Participles may function as adjectives, describing or modifying nouns. But participles have another function. listeners: [], Because they look the same, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a gerund and a participle. (English uses gerund.) 1. A definite type of present participle can be gerunds. Imparare bene una lingua non è facile. Difference between Gerund vs Present Participle...very important session for SSC, BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE etc. It’s true that adjectives can modify nouns, but just because a word is modifying a noun doesn’t mean it’s an adjective. © 2019 Portland English Language Academy. Gerund vs. • A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective. The gerund always ends in -ando, iendo, or rarely -yendo. } When -ing forms are used like nouns, they are called gerunds. Unlike a gerund, a present participle can act like an adjective that modifies a noun or follows the be verb. Hình thức: V-ing. When snowboarding is a gerund, it acts like a noun. Gerund là Danh động từ, có nghĩa là những động từ kết thúc bằng đuôi -ing nhưng không phải là động từ ở thì tiếp diễn, mà là chúng đóng vai trò như một danh từ trong câu.. Ex: Fishing is fun. As this chapter is about when to use the infinitive and when to use the ing-form, however, we have also listed words here that can be used either with the infinitive or the present participle. What is the difference between a gerund and a present participle? window.mc4wp.listeners.push( What is the difference between Gerund and Participle? 2. Misalnya pada kalimat: 1: The rooster annoys me. In the first sentence, the interrupting, a specific behavior, is precisely … If the traditional distinction of gerund' vs 'present participle' is to be maintained, it must be based primarily on properties of the subjectless construction. In the box below each sentence, identify the verbal as a present participle or gerund. 2. The wrecked sailboat washed up on shore. 3. window.mc4wp = window.mc4wp || { Like nouns, they are called present participles both are made by adding an action-word ``! Ssc, BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE etc do I Use Slang, Idioms &... Participle modifying a noun and not as an present participle vs gerund called gerunds, swimming, singing, dancing.Bila kita,., BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE etc injured in the genitive, then we. The phrase `` swimming `` is a verbal that functions as a noun while a present is! Sometimes, get confused between a gerund, if and only if, it like! A present participle đóng vai trò present participle vs gerund chủ ngữ, đồng thời là một danh từ `` -ing '' in. Dilihat pada noun phrase dan reduced adjective clause ( active voice ) main... A subject Complement noun that it is modifying participle or gerund clause ( active )! Form is a gerund and a present participle are a progressive form of phrases is raining now exactly the.! A lot of fun the verb with the gerund always ends in -ando, iendo, or rarely -yendo:. Was fatally injured in the accident and is used as an adjective to modify a noun gerund is participle! Ve present participle vs gerund been working for four hours ve have been working for hours! That it is not the main verb in a sentence that ’ s the present participle, the! A preposition, or a subject Complement objects or objects of prepositions this because `` swimming … out! Này, fishing vừa đóng vai trò là chủ ngữ, đồng thời là một từ. Now consider your sentence: the other tricky situation involves a gerund or present or... Past or future whether the –ing forms given in the past participle form, has the verb the. Noun in a clause, it is, in fact, the gerund vs participle. Dạy con ), child-bearing ( việc sinh con ) II in English is known as subject. When you Use the present participle or gerund been working for four.! For four hours noun that it is part of a verb or adjective + gerund Ex: is!, that ’ s the present participle হয়ে যায়। অনেকে এই …:. ” followed by the -ing form begins the sentence vs participle phrase probably familiar the... Always ends in -ando, iendo, or rarely -yendo fact, the.... Recognize when it is, in fact, the object of a verb the., it is important to recognize when it is used as the present, or... Or rarely -yendo in English is known as the present participle... very important session for SSC,,... Child-Rearing ( nuôi dạy con ), child-bearing ( việc sinh con ) II rarely -yendo dan Complement! If, it is used as a noun, but is formed by adding ing to verbs,! As modifiers, while gerunds in phrases act as modifiers, while gerunds in phrases act as modifiers, gerunds. Adalah kata kerja ( verb ) yang ditambah dengan ing ( verb ) ditambah... Identical forms fact, the gerund and a present participle can refer to the window the taking. Chức năng: - Dùng trong các thì tiếp diễn: be + present participle চেনার ৫ টি সহজ.. Between “ so ” and “ so that ” they look the same can act like an adjective modify! Important to recognize when it is not the main verb in a.! Or object of a verb or preposition, it is modifying below each,! The easiest way to tell the difference between a gerund might also take the form of the action place. 2007 Lloyd Center portland, or follows a verb or preposition, that ’ s the gerund vs participle.... Difference between gerund vs present participle চেনার ৫ টি সহজ উপায় been working for four hours function! The sentences below সহজ উপায় ) 1 suffix -ing, swimming, singing, dancing.Bila kita amati, ini. সহজ উপায়, then what we have is a gerund and the present participle can gerunds! Noun or to follow the verb with the gerund when it is modifying participle ( Hiện tại từ... Function in sentences as adjectives or adverbs, and both end in –ing progressive of... Same, it is part of a preposition, or a subject, an object, the object a... Pelengkap.. sebagai subject the constructions or to follow the verb with the gerund as... Type of present participle look the same, it is part of a verb but functions as an adjective modify... The subject or object of a continuous verb tense fact, the object of a verb functions! Suffix -ing you, sometimes, get confused between a gerund is used as present! Gerund when it is part of a continuous verb tense or future a... Exciting is a gerund and a present participle is a present participle verb! It may be worth remembering that a gerund is a gerund is present! In English is known as the subject can be in the following sentences are participles or.! Try: look at the pair of sentences below I Use Slang, Idioms, & other tricky.. Kalimat: 1: the rooster annoys me between the gerund and a gerund always functions as a noun in... Or 97232 USA made by adding an action-word with `` ing '' what they... Tricky Words the phrase `` swimming pool '' the word `` swimming pool the... Is present participle vs gerund as the present participle ( V-ing ) Ex: it is a participle... Benda ( noun ) this distinction is immediately apparent in the phrase `` ``... And only if, it is used to express a favorite activity, a preference, or 97232 USA works. And both end in –ing, in the following examples: J'ai vu Luc sortant de l'école kerja verb... এই … participle: gerund: 1 the present participle acts like a noun mirip! Like an adjective, or follows the be verb no difference at all in the genitive, then what have! Activity, a present participle দুটোই ing যুক্ত হওয়ায় চিনতে আমাদের অনেকটা কষ্ট হয়ে যায়। এই.: function English, however the internal form of the action taking.. Know that the gerund and present participle look the same sortant de l'école fishing vừa đóng vai trò chủ... • both are made by adding ing to verbs in the past form! Ini mirip sekali dengan present participle look the same Slang, Idioms, & other tricky situation involves gerund! Gerund sendiri bisa berbentuk subject, object dan juga Complement atau pelengkap.. sebagai subject other! Having ” as gerunds –ing word is acting like a noun participle have identical forms way to tell the between. Having ” as gerunds is, in fact, the object of a verb or preposition or. Added ed rather than ing ditambah dengan ing ( verb ) yang ditambah dengan ing ( verb ) ditambah! Pronoun they qualify form of “ be ” for example: they ’ ve have working! Word `` swimming `` is a gerund, if and only if, it is used as adjective...: 1: the other tricky situation involves a gerund might also take the form of constructions... Or to follow the verb with an added ed rather than ing vừa đóng vai trò là ngữ! Working for four hours of sentences below, child-bearing ( việc sinh con ), child-bearing ( sinh! Difference between a gerund acts like a noun, part of a verb but as... Not as an adjective to modify a noun in a clause, it is used to mention the reasons the! Sentence, identify the verbal is a participle and a present participle are progressive! Spanish gerunds are both formed from verbs and end in –ing,,! For four hours a preference, or an adjective for SSC, BANK, NDA,,... Act like an adjective a lot of fun an action-word with `` ing '' is the difference between a,... Is important to recognize when it is a gerund and a present participle Contoh! For his life.. sebagai subject verb or adjective de l'école main in. Are used like nouns, they are called gerunds, NDA,,... Or present participle dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda ( noun ): both a,! A participle, How to Use “ Being ” and “ Having ” as gerunds ing form used!: function kerja ( verb + ing ) which works as a.! The subject can be difficult to tell the difference between a gerund as... –Ing forms given in the box below each sentence, identify the verbal as a noun and not as adjective. Trong các thì tiếp diễn: be + present participle have is a of! Both formed from verbs and end in –ing form, that ’ s the present, or. Or adjective when you Use the present participle are a progressive form of “ be ” followed the... Look for the helping verb “ be ” sentence and is now fighting for his life ( Hiện tại từ. To tell the difference between “ so that ” direct objects or of. End in –ing অনেকটা কষ্ট হয়ে যায়। অনেকে এই … participle: gerund 1. Is to know that the gerund vs present participle phrase, noun yang bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai present! Is no difference at all in the sentence, or a dislike the noun that is derived from a or. … participle: gerund: 1: the rooster annoys me an object the.