Northouse (2015) describes the strengths of skills based approach and the first one listed the ability to learn. As good leaders, we have to hold people accountable. Justice. The practice of being fair and consistent. Integrity is the cornerstone of leadership. Given that background, the tactful leader chooses the language or behavior that will help the people in his audience to motivate themselves. They set an example for others to follow in both attitude and behavior. These concepts are more than just words to Marines, they must mean something to every leader in order that they be truly be understood and carried in one’s heart and mind throughout life. Amidst the stress and chaos of combat, there often is no telling how people will react. - This is one of the most important of the leadership principles. They are rooted in the “good man”/ fellow person–the highest accolade that can be bestowed on any of us. To give consideration to both sides of a situation … A physician can almost always diagnose a patient’s illness by what kinds of medications a patient is taking. Those who get it express it through dedication and professional performance of duty. In the very idea that you are either born with traits or you are not makes a list of traits closed to any who aspire to grow in their role. JJDIDTIEBUCKLE is an acronym used by Marines representing their 14 leadership traits. And beyond all other excellent traits, there is one that not only “fits-in” but “stands-out” as virtue: This is a cooler way of saying that you make your own luck. Candidates, this is a post in a series of leadership posts relating specifically to the Marine Corps Leadership traits–the most basic introduction to the Corps’ philosophies that you will learn about at OCS. JJDIDTIEBUCKLE. By study, instruction, and practice, a reasonably intelligent person can become an effective leader, Officer candidates should be guided in their actions throughout the program by the leadership traits and principles contained in Navy and Marine Corps Directive (NAV MC DIR) 1500.58 Marine Corps Mentoring Program Guidebook and Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP) 6-11 Leading Marines. The highest echelon of Marine Corps leadership from the Civilian, Enlisted and Officer Corps “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE JJDIDTIEBUCKLE . The terms troops, Marines, and employees can be used interchangeably. Decisiveness I have summarized each trait below, using verbatim text in most cases, based on what I took away from each section in Backbone. As a business owner, it is imperative that you respond to the things that happen in your business from day to day. 2. A leader must make a conscientious effort to observe his Marines and how they react to different situations. A LIFE WELL LIVED. PSYCH 485: Leadership in Work Settings. Endurance Justice Congratulations to YOU, Marines–Americans all–for your virtues and service. During the battle of Guadalcanal, Marine John Basilone exemplified endurance when he manned his machine gun non-stop for three days and nights without sleep, rest, or food stalling the efforts of an entire enemy regiment. Endurance. One of the things which really struck me about this list was that unlike most of the leadership theories we’ve studied in our PSYCH 485 course, morality seems to be the core focus, referring to the concepts presented in leadership ethics. J ustice: Giving reward and punishment according to the merits of the case in question. Those who get it express it through dedication and professional performance of duty. Justice, Judgment, Dependability, Initiative, Decisiveness, Tact, Integrity, Endurance, Bearing,... Dependability. They look out for the welfare of their teams beyond simple job descriptions, legal concerns, and even their own personal comfort. Initiative is taking action even though you haven’t been given orders. Be Technically and Tactically Proficient. I’ve been in the Marines for over 10 years now and I thought it’d be a good idea to relate this week’s lesson to my experiences in the Marine Corps. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. This opportunity to look at this list of skills and consider my own organizational language is very helpful. Each letter in the acronym corresponds to the first letter of one of the 14 USMC Leadership Traits. Lack of justice will … It is extremely important for each Marine to understand the meaning of each leadership trait and how to develop it so that they may know what goals to set as they work to become a good leader and a good follower. Previously, I would have labeled them as traits but now I begin to question that terminology. - A person who knows their job thoroughly and possesses … An Army officer sums up what makes Marines different, “Backbone” USMC Leadership Traits – JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, USMC Tattoo – EGA STENCIL: Eagle Globe & Anchor LINE ART. You’re the owner of your integrity. Tact Without unselfishness, it may be difficult to be dependable. Marines are taught qualities of Justice, Judgement, Initiative and Decisiveness which all characterize the element of ethics which is to direct and guide people’s conduct, as ethics informs the decisions leaders make or how they respond to different circumstances and situations (Northouse loc. The Marine Corps has identified 14 leadership traits that are viewed by Marines as qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help us earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. Without the aid of references, given a definition, identify the leadership trait. Tact Definition. I appreciated your sharing of the 14 leadership traits valued by the Marine Corps, your clear and concise presentation, and for pointing out the acronym which likely would’ve been missed if you hadn’t. Leaders are individuals who value justice. SAGE Publications. "JJ DID TIE BUCKLE" is a mneumonic device Marines use to remember the Marine Corps.' Leadership is not a thing; it is a relationship. Bearing is about channeling that drive to other people. 22 … Decisiveness If something must be done, then it must be done, even if the best resources or relevant training aren’t available. Ethical theories, Northouse (2016) describes as falling into two broad categories, either the aspect of a leader’s conduct or character. Judgement Knowledge And some people sell it awfully cheap. Integrity Basilone endured with a pair of burned hands. Dependability Often, leaders must assess situations quickly and without significant time to reflect. And if I’ve learned anything about our first week in class it’s that leadership is about people and building relationships. Copyright 2020 © The Pennsylvania State University, The Toxic Triangle: Chronicle of a fatal teleconference, Bridging Cultural Gaps: Dilemmas in Contrasting Countries. Unselfishness I am very proud of America’s Marines based upon the 14 Leadership Traits I read for the first time here. What really stood out to me in our readings was that Peter Northouse described leadership as a process and isn’t a “linear, one-way event, but rather an interactive event. Initiative. The higher the stage, the more progressed and complex a person is capable of reasoning, in Kohlberg’s view. In Northouse (2015) the “great man” theories were discussed. The leader with integrity can rarely if ever relax a commitment to what he or she believes is the behavior that best reflects those closely held values. Leaders with bearing know where they stand, and they understand the environment in which they work. You are the one leading the way and if you are not … To me if we were to refer to this list as skills or behaviors it would be much more accurate and, in the end more, desirable. ‘bad’ behavior results in feelings of guilt or dishonor” (PSU WC lesson 14, 2016). A Marine with bearing is driven toward a goal with purpose, jumping at opportunities with self-improvement that increase his ability to reach that goal. There is concern with maintaining self-respect and the respect of equals. Knowledge goes beyond the facts of the job; it is also knowledge of your team: who they are and what motivates them. They can take your life, they can take your savings, they can take your property, they can take everything you’ve got… but the one thing no one can take from you is you integrity, your honor. Never let the sun go down on a soldier’s pay problem. Leadership Traits The 14 leadership traits are qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help Marines earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. Amidst the stress and chaos of combat, there often is no telling how people will react. Sharing knowledge with subordinates can feel to some leaders as though they are giving up control, and they may be loathe to do so. Leaders with bearing know where they stand, and they understand the environment in which they work. Bearing The enduring leader defaults to responsibility. A just person gives consideration to each side of a situation and bases rewards or punishments on merit. According to Kohlberg, few adults ever reach the highest level of moral development, wherein the impetus to behave one way or another and the criteria for morals are “based on universal, abstract principles which may transcend the laws of a particular society” and encompass the two stages as follows: “Stage 5: ‘good’ behavior conforms to community standards set through democratic participation. At the Preconventional level, a person’s basis for right and wrong is mostly rooted in self-interest, and usually either fear induced, such as wanting to avoid punishment or motivated by reward, stage 1 being bad behavior is punishable and stage 2, good behavior merits reward. If you do bad, you will be held accountable. You mentioned in your post that these traits are more than just a list to be memorized, but that they must be internalized by every Marine. In the midst of chaos and uncertainty, one thing is certain: Marines depend on the sense of order that comes from discipline, fortitude and moral courage. Justice The best way to memorize these traits are with the acronym “JJ DID TIE BUCKLE” Print. Justice, Judgment, Dependability, Initiative, Decisiveness, Tact, Integrity, Endurance, Bearing, Unselfishness, Courage, Knowledge, Loyalty,& Enthusiasm. At the second level, behaving morally is determined by social convention or hoping for other’s approval: “Stage 3: ‘good’ behavior is that which is approved by others. Learn usmc leadership traits with free interactive flashcards. The Marine Corps has identified 14 leadership traits that are viewed by Marines as qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help us earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. “First, it is a leader-centered model that stresses the importance of the leader’s abilities, and it places learned skills the center of effective leadership.” (p. 69). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Being tactful comes with training and maturity but it’s also determined by making the right decisions – the right decisions about what to say, when to say it, how to say it, and who to say it to. Study the leadership traits and other lessons ahead of time on our academics page.. We have to show that if you do good, you get good things. Bearing When we’re enthusiastic about something, we’re willing to sacrifice for it. Be Technically And Tactically Proficient. Courage When followers see leaders acting with integrity, they are more likely to want to emulate that quality. If something needs correcting, correct it. (p. 19) I am not sure that was the intention of this list or if we would even want to endorse it as a list of traits with these definitions. A lot of people are resistant in the face of change, even if it is just simple disruption to … Thank you for your enlightening post. Choose from 500 different sets of usmc leadership traits flashcards on Quizlet. Ensure the task is understood, supervised and accomplished; Absent one trait, all the others are affected: the watch loses time, the machine malfunctions. Take care of the little things and the big things will take care of themselves. Ultimately, this means that leadership can be learned by an individual. And they do this most particularly in difficult situations. I feel that Julia Dye does a great job summarizing the leadership traits in her book “BACKBONE”. People who are enthusiastic about their jobs will make personal sacrifices to spend time at work and educate themselves to do a better job. For Marines, it’s about the mission and keeping the mission central to each tactical decision. Compare them to John Maxwell’s 21 Laws of Leadership and you can see how universal they are — perhaps even across cultures. Leadership Trait # 1. 6791, 2016). When leadership is defined in this manner, it becomes available to everyone” (Northouse, 2016). The acronym we use to memorize these 14 leadership traits is JJDIDTIEBUCKLE. Kohlberg (1981 as cited in PSU WC lesson 14, 2016) who philosophized and observed moral reasoning in human behaviors, came up with a classification for what he determined to be 6 stages of moral reasoning, which he grouped into three levels, Preconventional, Conventional, and Postconventional. The business of knowing what to do and how to do it lifts the leader above the crowd. If a Marine truly embodies all the virtues of JJDIDTIEBUCKLE, “Justice; Judgement; Dependability; Initiative; Decisiveness; Tact; Integrity; Enthusiasm; Bearing; Unselfishness; Courage; Knowledge; Loyalty; Endurance;” (Fry, 2016) they would reflect Kohlberg (1981 as cited in PSU WC, 2016)’s highest level, Preconventional level, of moral reasoning. In reality, though, leaders are not effective because they are the knowledge holders. The precursor to the Marine Corps' 14 Leadership Traits (Bearing, Courage, Decisiveness, Dependability, Endurance, Enthusiasm, Initiative, Integrity, Judgment, Justice, Knowledge, Loyalty, Tact, and Unselfishness) originally appeared in the Department of the Army Pamphlet No. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. I know it’s such a picky thing but if we use the definitions provided to us I am not sure these are traits which is not a judgmental statement. LEADERSHIP TRAITS AND PRINCIPLES TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. 6832, 2016), which is what I got from the leadership qualities of the Marines, and which you mentioned are expected to be upheld by everyone in the society which makes up the Marine Corps. • Set the example. Integrity Integrity is not lying. If you really … Leadership. Loyalty At the end of the battle, only three Marines from Basilone’s machinegun crew were still standing. When we are cognizant of this, it is virtue–upon which all other traits take their place in mind and action. The Handbook for Marine NCOs has the following advice for modern Marines: “Make sound and timely decisions. Leaders have consistency in crisis and do not over commit. Descriptively, ethics is about what kind of people leaders are and what they do. The leadership traits the USMC espouse are so on the money. Loyalty is the most common expression of aspects of all Marine Corps leadership traits and characteristics. Lesson 14: Ethics and Leadership. Initiative is crucial to being a leader. This is interesting in application to the Marine Corps leadership principles, as the list encompasses characteristics of both conduct and character, which exemplifies a wholistic ethical approach to leadership. A hero one day may be a catatonic wreck the next. Subordinates express loyalty to that sort of caring leadership by positively and efficiently carrying out the leader’s orders and instructions. Throughout time I have seen similar lists for a variety of organizations all applied in their own ways. Basilone’s asbestos gloves had been lost in the chaos and he used his bare hands to handle the hot guns. Integrity. The Marine Corps seeks to instill leadership in each and every single Marine as they progress through Recruit Training or Officer Candidate School. Justice is the practice of being fair and consistent. It takes more than a little self-discipline. LIFE IN THE MARINE CORPS BATTLES WELL FOUGHT. To be a great leader, we must get better at many these and then build a team that compliments our weaker areas. I read it a couple of times to reflect how my own organization values this list and whether we had appropriately articulated those traits or not. It is the inner strength that enables a Marine to take that extra step. Your post was very interesting to me. A leader expresses loyalty to his subordinates by supporting their needs and ensuring their welfare in a number of ways. People who are enthusiastic about a cause will sacrifice time and money for it. She writes: “If there is one constant about the fourteen leadership traits recognized by the Marine Corps, it is that not one of them stands alone or above all the others. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Marine Corps Leadership Traits - USMC Sports Leadership Academy Marine Corps Leadership Traits The 14 leadership traits are qualities of thought and action which, if demonstrated in daily activities, help Marines earn the respect, confidence, and loyal cooperation of other Marines. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. Initiative After all, an organization is only as good as its people. Rather, the best leaders are the ones who make knowledge available to their teams and understand how best to deploy that knowledge in the best possible manner. 6791, 2016). Tact is the ability to communicate in the language that best allows a listener to understand the message or meaning that’s being communicated and to be motivated to act upon it. When asked questions you respond truthfully at all times. Justice – Justice is defined as the fair and impartial assignment of merited rewards and punishments. Integrity in a leader is reflected by honesty as well as a desire to inspire and a devotion of values that the leader constantly tried to communicate to those he or she leads. Courage is doing what’s right, adhering to a higher standard of personal conduct; to lead by example and to make tough decisions under stress and pressure. They are intertwined and interdependent, like the parts of a fine watch or the gears in a complex machine. Absent one trait, all the others are affected: the watch loses time, the machine malfunctions. Research indicates that most people make decisions intuitively rather than analytically more than 90 percent of the time. Dependability The most loyal Marine or employee is not necessarily the one who has held the job longest. Those theories that only “great” people possessed a list of traits like this. Without unselfishness, it may be difficult to be dependable. It is knowledge of the culture in which you work, so that you understand what your superior’s goals and missions are. Core USMC leadership traits and principles include endurance. Northouse, Peter G.. Until recent reading for this course I never really thought to ask the question that now I can’t stop asking myself…are these traits? Kindle Edition. Tact is the ability to say something or make a point in such a way that not only is the other person not offended; they are totally receptive. At all times, Marines conduct themselves in a manner in keeping with the tremendous trust our Nation places in them. May 22, 2016 by Michael David Fry 3 Comments. Penn State World Campus (2016). Some are simply marking time, with little or no interest in making valuable contributions to the organization. Enthusiasm But this does not mean Marines spend their entire time in the Corps locked at attention. Today’s complex and knowledge-intensive world requires the kind of bottom-up leadership that Marine NCO’s undertake every day. In a military environment, identify the leadership traits and principles of the Marine Corps, per the reference ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S) 1. Even when the requirements are difficult, enthusiastic leaders set aside any negative aspects of the mission and focus on the positive energy they can bring to the table. Marines say that’s totally unacceptable. Great leaders do both. Courage is never an easy commodity to find, whether it’s disciplining a subordinate, standing up to superiors, or facing swarms of charging enemies. TO make a sound decision, you should know your mission, what you are capable of doing to accomplish it, what means you have to accomplish it, and what possible impediments or obstacles exist (in combat, these would be enemy capabilities) that might stand in the way. Judgment Attitude shapes your beliefs. 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